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Bidding Information
Lot #    10430
Auction End Date    4/19/2005 4:23:00 PM (mm/dd/yyyy)
          
Title Information
Title (English)    Kitsur Abravanel
Title (Hebrew)    קיצור אברבנאל
Author    [Haggadah - Avot - First Ed.] Don Isaac Abravanel
City    Lublin
Publisher    (Zevi b. Abraham Jaffa)
Publication Date    1604
          
Collection Information
Independent Item    This listing is an independent item not part of any collection
          
Description Information
Physical
Description
   Only edition of commentary. 68 ff., 182:145 mm., wide margins, usual age staining, lacks final 12 ff. of Avot responsa. A very good copy bound in modern full leather boards, tooled in blind.
          
Paragraph 1    Extremely rare book on Avot and Haggadah - no copy has been offered for sale in the last 30 years. (VJ Database)
          
Detailed
Description
   Complete Haggadah and Pirkei Avot with the commentary of the Abravanel and R. Jacob b. Eliakim Heilprun. Lacks the questions of the Abravanel printed on ff. 69-80.

Don Isaac b. Judah Abravanel (1437-1508), received a careful education and was a pupil of R. Joseph Hayyim, rabbi of Lisbon. Well versed in Talmudic literature and in the learning of his time, endowed with a clear and keen mind, and full of enthusiasm for Judaism, he devoted his early years to the study of Jewish religious philosophy,and when scarcely twenty years old wrote on the original form of the natural elements, on the most vital religious questions, on prophecy, etc. His political abilities also attracted attention while he was still young. He entered the service of King Alfonso V. of Portugal as treasurer, and soon won the confidence of his master. Notwithstanding his high position and the great wealth he had inherited from his father, his love for his afflicted brethren was unabated. When Arzilla, in Morocco, was taken by the Moors, and the Jewish captives were sold as slaves, he contributed largely to the funds needed to manumit them, and personally arranged for collections throughout Portugal. He also wrote to his learned and wealthy friend Jehiel, of Pisa, in behalf of the captives. After the death of Alfonso he was obliged to relinquish his office, having been accused by King John II. of connivance with the duke of Bragança, who had been executed on the charge of conspiracy. Don Isaac, warned in time, saved himself by a hasty flight to Castile (1483). His large fortune was confiscated by royal decree. At Toledo, his new home, he occupied himself at first with Biblical studies, and in the course of six months produced an extensive commentary on the books of Joshua, Judges, and Samuel. But shortly afterward he entered the service of the house of Castile. Together with his friend, the influential Don Abraham Senior, of Segovia, he undertook to farm the revenues and to supply provisions for the royal army, contracts that he carried out to the entire satisfaction of Queen Isabella. During the Moorish war Abravanel advanced considerable sums of money to the government. When the banishment of the Jews from Spain was decreed, he left nothing undone to induce the king to revoke the edict. In vain did he offer him 30,000 ducats ($68,400, nominal value). With his brethren in faith he left Spain and went to Naples, where, soon after, he entered the service of the king. For a short time he lived in peace undisturbed; but when the city was taken by the French, bereft of all his possessions, he followed the young king, Ferdinand, in 1495, to Messina; then went to Corfu; and in 1496 settled in Monopoli, and lastly (1503) in Venice, where his services were employed in negotiating a commercial treaty between Portugal and the Venetian republic (Zurita, "Historia del Rey Don Fernando el Católico," v. 342a).

          
Paragraph 2    על פרקי אבות ועל סדר ההגדה. אשר חיבר...מה"רר יעקב בר אליקים ז"ל היילפרון הנקרא בפי כל רבי יעקב הערצקש...

עם הפנים של פרקי אבות וההגדה של פסח. מדף מו,ב ואילך: קיצור אברבנאל על הגדה של פסח. דף סט-עה: "השאלות ששאל הרב ר"י אברבנאל על מסכת אבות"; דף עו-עט: "השאלות אשר שאל הרב ר"י אברבנאל ז"ל בהגדה". הקולופון: ותהי השלמתו היום יום ו' ראש חדש אדר שנת ו'י'ה'י' א'ך' י'צ'א' י'צ'א' י'עקב מא'ת פני יצחק' אביו [שס"ה].

מעבר לשער: "הסכמת גאוני עולם. בהתאספנו יחד פה עיר יעריסלב שס"ג לפ"ק לפקח על עסקי הדפסת הספרי' חדשים אשר מקרוב באו...שלמה אפרים ב"ר אהרן ז"ל איש לונטשיץ, ר' יוסף ב"ר אברהם ז"ל שפירא, ר' משה בן הק"ר אברהם ז"ל הי"ד, ר' בנימין אהרן ב"ר אברהם סלניק ז"ל, ר' יושע ב"ר אלכסנדרי זצ"ל מזרע כהונה ולק כהן יכונה, ר' יודא ב"ר נתן הלוי ז"ל, ר' שמואל אליעזר ב"ר יודא הלוי ז"ל, ר' דוד ב"ר יעקב ז"ל שעברשין".

          
Reference
Description
   Yudlov 42; Yaari 32; CD-EPI 0151144
        
Associated Images
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Listing Classification
Period
17th Century:    Checked
  
Location
Russia-Poland:    Checked
  
Subject
Haggadah:    Checked
Other:    Avot
  
Characteristic
Bindings:    Checked
First Editions:    Checked
Language:    Hebrew
  
Manuscript Type
  
Kind of Judaica