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Bidding Information
Lot #    10458
Auction End Date    5/24/2005 10:20:00 AM (mm/dd/yyyy)
          
Title Information
Title (English)    Gur Aryeh
Title (Hebrew)   
Author    [Only Ed.] R. Masud ben Judah Darmon
City    Leghorn
Publisher    Jacob and Samuel Ashkenazi
Publication Date    1846
          
Collection Information
Independent Item    This listing is an independent item not part of any collection
          
Description Information
Physical
Description
   Only edition. [3], 224 ff., 305:185 mm., wide margins, light age and damp staining, title erasures. A good copy bound in contemporary half leather boards.
          
Detailed
Description
   Novellae on the Talmud by R. Masud ben Judah Darmon (' Tsarmon). In the text of the detailed title page the author describes himself as young and writes that this work is on the gemara, perush Rashi, and Tosafot " on entire or the majority of tractates, while others are brief selections and afterwards Kellai ha-Shas. The title page is dated, nd the voice of the turtledove (5606 = 1846) is heard in our land (Song of Songs 2:12). There is an introduction from R. Darmon and then text, which is set in two columns in rabbinic type, excepting headers and initial words. Gur Aryeh begins with Berakhot, followed by Pesahim, Ketubbot, Kiddushin, Gittin, Bava Kamma, Sanhedrin, Makkot, Shevuot, Peah, Demai, Kilayim, Shabbat, Eruvin, Bezah, Yoma, Sukkah, Taanit, etc. After the tractates there is a long section on Maimonides Mishenh Torah.

R. Masud ben Judah Darmon (' Tsarmon) was the scion of a distinguished North African family. R. Jacob ben Isaac Darmon (1460) was dayyan of Mahdia (Tunisia) and one of the main correspondents of R. Zemah ben Solomon Duran. R. Mordecai Darmon was a leading 17th-century merchant in Tunis, where the kabbalist R. Moses Darmon (d. 1741) was dayyan of the Leghorn community. R. Nehorai Darmon (16821760), talmudist, poet, and disciple of Isaac Lombroso, succeeded him. His literary works were destroyed when the Jewish and Christian houses were plundered by Algerian soldiers. What had been saved was published under the title Yeter ha-Baz (Leghorn, 1787). R. Mordecai Darmon, a wealthy scholar, was treasurer and adviser to the beys of Algeria before 1772. In 1783 he was sent on a diplomatic mission to Constantinople and later established the new Oran community for which he built a synagogue. He wrote Maamar Mordekhai (Leghorn, 1781). Among his son-in-laws was R. Masud ben Judah Darmon (Tsarmon), author of Gur Aryeh. Another Darmon, R. Victor (Hayyim) Darmon was Spains representative in Mazagan. As a result of a false testimony brought by the governor of the town, he was summarily executed (January 1844). The affair had wide repercussions in Europe and was one of the causes of the 18591860 Spanish-Moroccan war.

          
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Reference
Description
   EJ; Vin Livorno 998; CD-EPI 0161152
        
Associated Images
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Listing Classification
Period
19th Century:    Checked
  
Location
Italy:    Checked
  
Subject
Novellae:    Checked
  
Characteristic
First Editions:    Checked
Language:    Hebrew
  
Manuscript Type
  
Kind of Judaica