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Bidding Information
Lot #    10612
Auction End Date    5/24/2005 12:55:00 PM (mm/dd/yyyy)
Title Information
Title (English)    Megillat Ta’anit with Megillat Antiochus
Title (Hebrew)    מגילת תענית; מגילת אנטיוכס
City    [Koenigsberg]
Publisher    Tuvia ha-Kohen and Efrati & Joseph Becker
Publication Date    c. 1858
Collection Information
Independent Item    This listing is an independent item not part of any collection
Description Information
   48 pp., 165:106 mm., nice margins, light age staining, stamps. A very good copy bound in contemporary boards.
   Megillat Ta’anit and Megillat Ta’anit. The title page informs that Megillat Ta’anit has been well known since the timnes of the Mishnah and Talmud, and that it was written by Hananiah ben Hezkiah ben Gorion and his company in the time of Bet Shamai and bet Hillel. Inlcuded with Megillat Ta’anit is a commentary based on the Babylonian and Jerusalem Talmud, Rashi, and Tosafot, collected and compiled by R. Abraham Segal of Cracow entitled פירוש מהר"א followed by novellae on Megillat Ta’anit. Printed together with these works is Megillat Antiochus for Hanukkah. The date and place of printing do not appear on the title page. The verso of the title page has an approbation from R. Jacob Zevi Meklenberg (1785-1865). The text follows, set in a single column in rabbinic type, at the top of the page, with the commentary below, also in rabbinic type. The novellae on Rashi, and Tosafot are next (pp. 36-44). The volume concludes with Megillat Antiochus.

Megillat Ta’anit is a list of 36 days on which there were significant victories and happy events in the history of the Jews during the Second Temple, as a result of which the rabbis forbade fasting on them, as well as, in some cases, the delivery of memorial addresses for the dead (hespedim). The title should therefore be taken as meaning "the scroll of (the days of prohibited) fasting." The work received its present form close to the time of the destruction of the Second Temple or at the latest during the Bar Kokhba era. It is written in Aramaic and with extreme brevity. According to a tannaitic source (Shab. 13b) it was compiled by "Hananiah b. Hezekiah (b. Garon) and his company," but the appendix to the megillah gives the author as Eliezer, the son of this Hananiah, one of the leading rebels against the Romans (Jos., Wars, 2:409).

Megillat Antiochus is scroll incorporating portions of the Books of Maccabees, commemorating the victory of the Jews under the leadership of the Maccabees over the Greeks and their hellenizing supporters. It is modeled after the Book of Esther, beginning, "And it came to pass in the days of Antiochus, King of Greece," going on to describe that kings' power, and the events that occurred. It varies, however, in a number of particulars from similar works celebrating the victory of the Maccabees and the events of Hanukkah.

Paragraph 2    ... עם... פירוש מהר"א ובסופו באו חדושיו (חדושי מהר"א) על רש"י ותוס' [לפרק א בלבד]. חובר לה יחד מגילת אנטיוכס לחנוכה (ש"ל [שמואל לוריא]... המ"ל [המוציא לאור. הוסיף הערות בשולי העמודים])...

על-פי הוראדנא תקס"ג, בהשמטת ההקדמות והחידושים של ר' יצחק כהן , פרט לקטע אחד שנדפס בעמ' [44] בשם: השמטה מחדושי הר"א [!] למגילת תענית [פרק ה]. "מגילת אנטיוכס" על-פי מנטובה שי"ז. הסכמה: ר' יעקב צבי מעקלענבורג.

   EJ; JE; Vin Koenigsberg 196; CD-EPI 0146211
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Listing Classification
19th Century:    Checked
Russia-Poland:    Checked
History:    Checked
Language:    Hebrew
Manuscript Type
Kind of Judaica