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Bidding Information
Lot #    11030
Auction End Date    7/12/2005 1:49:00 PM (mm/dd/yyyy)
          
Title Information
Title (English)    Yirat Shamayim
Title (Hebrew)    יראת שמים
Author    [Only Ed. - Math] R. Meyer of Fuerth
City    Dessau
Publication Date    1820
          
Collection Information
Independent Item    This listing is an independent item not part of any collection
          
Description Information
Physical
Description
   Only edition. [2], [45, [1]; 12; 11, [1] fold out chart, 207:160 mm., wide margins, usual age staining, foldout with small loss. A very good copy bound in modern full cloth boards.
          
Detailed
Description
   Tri-part work on Maimonides’ calculation of the new moon by R. Meir ben Elkhanan Fuerth. The title page states that it is to know and understand the words of Maimonides on the halakhot of Kiddush ha-hodesh, on which it says, “for this is your wisdom and your understanding in the sight of the nations” (Deuteronomy 4:6). It informs that R. feurth has also written Kellali Handasah and Shelemot ve-Zurot ha-Nefesh, Parparot le-Hokhmah and Divrei Yoshar. There is an approbation from R. Meir ben Simhah Wiel, R. Shemaya Landsborg of Berlin, and R. Lazer Segal Horowitz. Next is the introduction by R. Fuerth, who signs as av bet din of Bamberg followed by a lengthy introduction. The text is comprised of five ma’amrim all in a single column in square letters. There are calculations throughout, concluding with hilkot Kiddush ha-hodesh and errata. The second part of Yirat Shamayim with its own title page, is called Kevod Elokim, and the third part is comprised of tables, concluding with a large fold out chart on the movement of the moon.

Maimonides, who work on Kiddush ha-hodesh is the subject of Yirat Shamayim, did not compose a systematic treatise on astronomy, but his competence in the subject is well illustrated by a number of passages in the Moreh Nevukhim (Guide of the Perplexed) and by his treatise on the calendar, The Sanctification of the New Moon (Kiddush Rosh Hodesh in Mishneh Torah). In the Guide there are references to technical aspects of Ptolemaic astronomy, and it is revealed that Maimonides' disciple Joseph ibn Sham$un had studied Ptolemy's Almagest under him. Maimonides states that he was acquainted with the son of Jabir ibn Aflah of Seville (d. c. 1150), the author of a well-known astronomical text which takes exception to some Ptolemaic principles. He also refers to a lost work of Ibn Baja (d. 1139), concerning the principles of astronomy, that he had obviously read with care. According to Maimonides, the physical difficulties of eccentric and epicyclic spheres need not concern the astronomer, whose task is merely to propose a theory in which the motions of the planets and the stars are uniform and circular, and conform to observation. In the Sanctification, Maimonides describes the calendric rules that were used in the time of the Sanhedrin, the rules of the fixed calendar that apply to this day, and the astronomical determination of the beginning of the month. The third section again shows Maimonides to be competent in the technical aspects of Ptolemaic astronomy, although he made no original contribution to the subject. In 1194 Maimonides wrote a letter addressed to the rabbis of southern France strongly denouncing astrology as a pseudoscience opposed to the true science of astronomy, an opinion rarely expressed by Jewish scholars in the Middle Ages. In this letter Maimonides stated that astrology was the first secular subject he studied, and that he had read everything available in Arabic on the discipline.

          
Paragraph 2    ... לידע ולהבין דברי... הרמב"ם... בהלכות קדוש החדש... מאת מאיר פירדא... חלק א-ב.

הסכמת רבני ברלין: ר' מאיר ב"ר שמחה ווייל, ר' שמעי' לאנדסבורג מברלין ור' ליזר סגל הורוויץ, יז אדר תקע"ז. - חלק א חלק א: (מבוא וחמשה מאמרים... במאמר ראשון דברתי מדברים הנצרכים לחשבון עברונות, במאמר שני... להתיר כמה שאלות בענין זה. במאמר שלישי חזרתי על כל האמור... בקיצור... במאמר רביעי הצבתי כמה משלים מהדברים וחשבונות השייכים לעברונות להבין מתוכן דברי הרמב"ם... בסוף קדוש החדש, ובמאמר חמישי ביארתי הלוחות שמובאין בספר). [2], מה, [2] דף. חלק ב: קראתיו כבוד אלהים (כתבתי איזה דברים על גפ"ת). יב דף. חלק ב: נדפס ונכרך יחד עם לוחות העיבור מאת רפאל הלוי מהאנאבר.

          
Reference
Description
   EJ; Vin Dessau 80; CD-EPI 0158139
        
Associated Images
4 Images (Click thumbnail to view full size image):
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  2   Click to view full size  
  
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Listing Classification
Period
19th Century:    Checked
  
Location
Germany:    Checked
  
Subject
Other:    Astronomy
  
Characteristic
First Editions:    Checked
Language:    Hebrew
  
Manuscript Type
  
Kind of Judaica