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Bidding Information
Lot #    12906
Auction End Date    1/24/2006 10:07:30 AM (mm/dd/yyyy)
Title Information
Title (English)    Arba’ah Turei Even
Title (Hebrew)    ארבעה טורי אבן
Author    [Hasidim - First Ed.] R. Elazar Rokah
City    Lemberg
Publisher    Shlomo Yarish Rappaport
Publication Date    1789
Collection Information
Independent Item    This listing is an independent item not part of any collection
Description Information
   First edition. [1], 28; 15; 13; 12 ff., 215:179 mm., wide margins, usual age staining, old stamps on title, initial and final ff. with corners repaired without loss of text. A very good copy bound in modern half leather and marbled paper boards.
   Novella on Maimondes, responsa, novellae on the Talmud, and essays. Published by R. Naftali Hertz b. Moses Rokah, grandson of the author. The work was published by the well-known Shlomo Yarish Rappaport press, who published the first edition of the No'am Elimelekh the previous year. Books published by him have great importance as it is reputed that members of the "36 righteous men" were employed in this press.

R. Elazar b. Shmelke Rokah (Landau), (1665–1741), was born in Cracow, and after serving as rabbi in Rakov (1705) and Tarnow (1709) he was appointed av bet din (c. 1714) and subsequently rabbi of Brody. The Jewish community of Brody flourished greatly during this period. It possessed a Klaus, which was composed of kabbalists and talmudic scholars, and during his period of office the first group of adherents of R. Israel Ba'al Shem Tov was established in Brody. At this time also a considerable number of scholars from Brody and the neighborhood, such as R. Abraham Gershon of Kutow and R. Perez b. Moses, immigrated to Erez Israel.

In 1735 R. Rokah accepted a call to Amsterdam, despite the violent controversy which had raged there since the death of the previous incumbent, R. Abraham Judah of Halberstadt. R. Rokah was very well received, and a medallion was even struck in his honor, which roused the antagonism of R. Jacob Emden. This was not the only dispute which surrounded him, and as a result, in 1740 he decided to immigrate to Erez Israel. He settled in Safed, where he became the head of the small Ashkenazi community, applying himself to their immediate needs to such an extent that they accorded him the title "the Nasi of Erez Israel," which was given to those who devoted themselves to the support of the yishuv in the country. R. Rokah was a determined and unwearying opponent of every sign of the Shabbatean heresy, While still in Brody he violently attacked R. Moses Hayyim Luzzatto, whom he accused of this heresy, and gave his approval to the banning of his works. In Safed he became so involved in a conflict with a group of Shabbateans there that he thought of emigrating from Erez Israel, but he died suddenly exactly a year after his arrival here.

With his death the position of the Ashkenazi community deteriorated and they appealed for help to the Council of Four Lands, mentioning the great help which R. Rokah had obtained for them as a result of his contacts with Poland and Amsterdam. Among R. Rokah's other works are Ma'aseh Roke'ah on the composition of the Mishnah (Amsterdam, 1740) and on the Pentateuch (Lemberg, 1850).

Paragraph 2    (א. פלפול בדברי ... הרמב"ם בספר המדע, [וגם] על כמה הלכות [שבמשנה תורה]. והב' שאלות ותשובות, והג' חידושים על גפ"ת, והד' כמה דרושים) ... שחיבר ... ר' אלעזר זללה"ה שהיה אב"ד בק"ק בראד ובק"ק אמשטרדם ומנוחתו כבוד פה צפת ... ובתוכם ... חידושים (לקוטים מהש"ס) ושו"ת (דרושים) מבנו ... מוה' משה זלל"ה שהיה אב"ד בק"ק זלאטשוב (ונוסף לזה איזה דרושים ... מכבוד אחי הגדול ... מוה' יהודא ליב זללה"ה שהי' אב"ד בק"ק זבאריב). הובא לבית הדפוס ע"י ... מו"ה נפתלי הירץ נ"י מבראד בהרב ... מוה' משה ז"ל נכד ... מוה' אלעזר ז"ל הנ"ל ...

מעבר לשער: הקדמה מהרב ... המביא החיבור הלז לבית הדפוס.

   Vin Lemberg 46; CD-EPI 0175457
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Listing Classification
18th Century:    Checked
Russia-Poland:    Checked
Hasidic:    Checked
First Editions:    Checked
Language:    Hebrew
Manuscript Type
Kind of Judaica