||A polemic against R. Amram ben Shlomo Yitzhak Blau and R. Yaakov ben Moshe Blau and his newspaper called Kol Yisrael. They are accused of having debased an [unknown] scholar and by doing so have brought the wrath of Bet Din Tzedek of the Ashkenazic Makhelot Perushim and Hasidim upon themselves. By this edict they are in excommunication, and moreover no one in the community is allowed to purchase their newspaper, to place an advertisement in it or in any way benefit the owners of the Kol Yisrael newspaper. The edict is dated the 6th of Shevat 5693 (following a meeting to discuss these events on Tuesday, the 4th of Shevat.)
R. Amram ben Shlomo Yitzhak Blau (1894–1974), rabbi, leader of the ultra-Orthodox sect Neturei Karta. Blau was born in Jerusalem into a noted religious family. He was a leading member of the Agudat Israel youth movement in the early 1930s. Blau and some of his colleagues left the movement in 1935 and founded the extreme anti-Zionist Hevrat Hayyim, later to become Neturei Karta. His fierce opposition to Zionism and Agudat Israel, sometimes expressed violently, led on several occasions to his prosecution and imprisonment. His anti-Zionist attitude did not change with the establishment of the State of Israel (1948), which he refused to recognize. In 1965, after the death of his first wife, he married a proselyte, Ruth Ben-David, despite the opposition of the ultra-Orthodox bet din and some of his followers.