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Bidding Information
Lot #    13055
Auction End Date    1/24/2006 11:21:30 AM (mm/dd/yyyy)
Title Information
Title (English)    Eulogy for R. Akiva Joseph Schlesinger
Title (Hebrew)    ציון במר תבכה - ר' עקיבא יוסף שלעזינגר
Author    [Unrecorded - Community]
City    Jerusalem
Publisher    Moriah
Publication Date    1922
Collection Information
Independent Item    This listing is an independent item not part of any collection
Description Information
   Only edition. Broadside, 382:285 mm., usual light age staining, creased on folds. Not in CD-EPI.
   Announcing two elegies to be delivered by R. Joseph Hayyim Sonnenfeld and R. Ben Zion Yadler in memory of R. Schlesinger. R. Akiva Joseph Schlesinger (1837–1922), was born in Pressburg. R. Schlesinger was a graduate of Hungarian yeshivot and a student of Kabbalah. He was one of the spokesmen of the extreme religious elements of the Hatam Sofer school of thought, which advocated complete separation from the "enlightened" and "neologic" elements. In his book Lev Ivri ("Hebrew Heart," 1865), he sharply attacked the "meshannim" and "mithaddeshim" ("innovators" and "reformers"). In 1870 R. Schlesinger went to Erez Israel out of a conviction that the sole hope for religious Jewry lay in the establishment of a religious Jewish community in the Land of Israel. In 1873 he published the book Hevrat Mahzirei Atarah le-Yoshnah or Kolel ha-Ivrim ("The Society for the Restoration of Things to Their Former Glory" or "The Community of Hebraists"), in which he expounded his plan for the establishment of a world-wide association for the consolidation of religious Jewry. This association would set up a network of schools to educate the young generation in a religious spirit; its center would be in Jerusalem and its aim would be the establishment of a Jewish community living off the fruits of its own labor and in the spirit of the Torah. In his book R. Schlesinger expressed ideas similar to those which were later adapted by the Zionist movement (collection of contributions and tithes for the up-building of the country, renaissance of the Hebrew language, agricultural settlement, organization of self-defense, abolition of the barriers between communities and kolelim and their amalgamation into one - Kolel ha-Ivrim). R. Schlesinger was the leader of a group of Jerusalemites who tried to change the halukkah system and divert the funds to agricultural settlement. The halukkah trustees, who feared R. Schlesinger's ideas as a threat to their hegemony, boycotted and persecuted him, and he responded with harsh polemic. In 1878 R. Schlesinger was one of the founders of Petah Tikvah and, with the establishment of the new settlement, he called on religious Jewry to establish their own settlement movement to encompass truly religious Jews, without "heretical and outside elements."
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Listing Classification
20th Century:    Checked
Israel:    Checked
History:    Checked
First Editions:    Checked
Language:    Hebrew
Manuscript Type
Kind of Judaica
Posters:    Checked