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Bidding Information
Lot #    13182
Auction End Date    1/24/2006 12:25:00 PM (mm/dd/yyyy)
          
Title Information
Title (English)    Zahut be-Dikduk
Title (Hebrew)   
Author    [First Indp. Ed.] R. Abraham ibn Ezra
City    Berlin
Publisher    Izik Speyer
Publication Date    1769
          
Collection Information
Independent Item    This listing is an independent item not part of any collection
          
Description Information
Physical
Description
   [2], 53, [1] ff., 170:85 mm., nice margins, light age staining, old hands. A very good copy bound in modern full leather boards, tooled in blind.
          
Detailed
Description
   First independent printing of this grammatical work on linguistic correctness with a brief outline on Hebrew meter by R. Abraham ben Meir ibn Ezra (c. 1089-c.1168). Many consider it to be his best grammatical work. The title page states that it is the second printing, the first was in 1546 with other grammatical works of Ibn Ezra, with annotations by the youths R. Reuben Aronsfeld and R. Aaron Yaraslov. The title page is dated from the verse, Does not wisdom call? (Proverbs 8:1). There are approbations from R. Aaron ben Moses [], R. Joel ben Jekutiel, and R. Zenvel Niia Gas. Zahut, is an intensive review of the field of Hebrew grammar. There are entries for each of the vowels and another section on the letters (shaar ha-ottiyot), and also chapters on prosody (versification) and metre.

Ibn Ezra, born in Tudela, Spain, was a person of considerable scholarship and accomplishments, as reflected by his commentaries on the Bible, poetry, grammars, philosophy, science, mathematics, and astrology. Ibn Ezras grammatical books are the first systematic works on the subject in Hebrew. In these works he transmits, in an original style, the works done in Arabic by his predecessors to a larger community not fluent in that language. Ibn Ezras other grammatical works include Safah Berurah (Constantinople, 1530) on grammatical problems and the letters of the Hebrew alphabet; Sefat Yeter (Pressburg, 1838), primarily a defense of Rav Sadiah Gaon against Dunash ben Labrat, but also including some of ibn Ezras own grammatical work; and Yesod ha-Dikduk on the elements of grammar (in manuscript). In his other books, for example, the Bible commentaries, there is also considerable grammatical comment. Ibn Ezra translated, also while in Rome, three of Judah ben David Hayyujs (10th cent.) grammatical works into Hebrew from the Arabic, three of which were printed in Dikduk (Frankfort a. Main, 1600).

          
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Reference
Description
   Vin Berlin 265; CD-EPI 0106367
        
Associated Images
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Listing Classification
Period
  
18th Century:    Checked
  
Location
Germany:    Checked
  
Subject
Other:    Grammar
  
Characteristic
First Editions:    Checked
Language:    Hebrew
  
Manuscript Type
  
Kind of Judaica