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Bidding Information
Lot #    13191
Auction End Date    1/24/2006 12:29:30 PM (mm/dd/yyyy)
Title Information
Title (English)    Olelot Efrayim
Title (Hebrew)    עוללות אפרים
Author    [The Ibn Zur Copy] R. Ephraim Solomon Luntshits
City    Prague
Publisher    Abraham Heida
Publication Date    1619-20
Collection Information
Independent Item    This listing is an independent item not part of any collection
Description Information
   Revised edition. 23, 25-43, 45-140 ff., 293:182 mm., usual light age and damp staining, nice margins, old Moroccan hand and stamp on title. A very good copy bound in modern half cloth boards. The R. Raphael Ibn Zur of Fez copy with his seal on title.
   Second and first revised edition by the Author, R. Ephraim Solomon b. Aaron Luntshits (Leczyca; 1550–1619), rabbi and renowned preacher. He was known as "Ephraim of Luntshits," the popular pronunciation of Leczyca among Polish Jews. The name "Solomon" was added some time after 1601. In his youth Ephraim was sent to study in the yeshivah of R. Solomon Luria. At an early age he had already gained a reputation as a preacher, in which capacity he traveled to Lublin, Lemberg, Jaroslaw, and other towns. It is not known whether he ever held a regular communal post before he became head of a yeshivah in Lemberg when he was already past fifty. In 1604, he arrived in Prague where he served as president of the rabbinical court and head of the yeshivah, but relinquished his rabbinical post in the last year of his life. As a preacher he was distinguished for his lucid and fascinating sermons. He addressed the heads of the Council of Four Lands when they met in Lublin and was apparently on friendly terms with the leaders of that council on whose recommendation he was appointed rosh yeshivah in Lemberg. R. Ephraim's sermons shed much light on the religious and communal life of the Polish-Jewish community of his time. He railed against the wealthy members of the congregation whose passion for money and luxury caused them to withhold assistance from their needy brethren and he criticized their pretensions to spiritual and religious status on the basis of their commercial success. He said that wealth corrupts and destroys the character of men when they do not appreciate its purpose. At the same time, he complained about the poor who wished to enjoy the charity of the rich without making any effort to provide for their needs. In addition, he attacked certain casuistic methods of talmudic study (pilpul) which often neglected the truth, and the desire for personal aggrandizement among communal leaders. R. Ephraim's sermons were collected and published in various books: Ir Gibborim (Basle, 1580); Olelot Efrayim (Lublin, 1590); Orah le-Hayyim (ibid., 1595); Keli Yakar (ibid., 1602), commentary on the Pentateuch in homiletic style that was subsequently included in various editions of the rabbinical Bible (Mikra'ot Gedolot); Siftei Da'at (Prague, 1610); Ammudei Shesh (ibid., 1617); Petihot u-She'arim (Zolkiew, 1799). He also compiled a book of sermons entitled Rivevot Efrayim, which is occasionally mentioned in his other works. He composed three Selihot in connection with the invasion of Prague in 1611 by the army of the bishop of Passau.
Paragraph 2    אשר חיבר הרב... הישיש... ר' שלמה אפרים בן... ר' אהרן לונשיץ י"ץ. נדפס שנית... והוגה בעיון נמרץ ע"י המחוקק בעצמו מתוך ספר הגאון הנ"ל אשר זיקק אותו שבעתים עם הרבה הגהות שהוסיף נופך בזקנותו זקן ויושב בישיבה...

בשער: בשנת חדש ע'לינו ש'נה ט'ובה [שע"ט]. קולופון: היום... יב שבט לפרט ובפרשה מש"ם שם לו חוק ומשפט וימתקו המים [ש"ף]. "הרבה הגהות" שהוסיף המחבר צויינו בפנים בסוגריים.

   CD-EPI 0170556; EJ; H. H. Ben-Sasson, Hagut ve-Hanhagah (1959), 263, index; idem, in: Zion, 19 (1954), 142–66; H. R. Rabinowitz, Deyokena'ot shel Darshanim (1967), 137–49
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Listing Classification
17th Century:    Checked
Other:    Bohemia
Homiletics:    Checked
First Editions:    Checked
Language:    Hebrew
Manuscript Type
Kind of Judaica