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Sind die Juden wirklich das auserwahlte Volk?
[Only Ed.] Franz Delitzsch
This listing is an independent item not part of any collection
Only edition. 64 pp., 204:130 mm., wide margins, light age staining, stamps. A very good copy bound in contemporary boards, rubbed.
Franz Delitzsch (Julius; 1813–1890), German Protestant theologian, Bible and Judaica scholar. Inspired by Julius Fuerst to devote himself to the study of Judaism, he was appointed professor of theology at the university of his native Leipzig in 1844. Later he taught at Rostock (1846), Erlangen (1850), and again in Leipzig (1867). Though Delitzsch was a devoted Protestant, believing in the supremacy of the New Testament over the Old, he maintained a genuine understanding of, and affection for, Judaism. Well versed in Hebrew and in Semitic languages, as well as in the Talmud and in medieval Jewish literature, Delitzsch was in close touch with the leading Jewish scholars of his time. As a devout Christian, he proselytized among the Jews, wrote several pamphlets for that purpose, and made a new translation of the New Testament into Hebrew (1877, 1901; supposedly with the assistance of A. H. Weiss). In 1863 he founded the missionary magazine, Saat und Hoffnung ("Seed and Hope"), which appeared regularly until 1935. In 1880 he established in Leipzig the Institutum Judaicum (renamed the "Delitzschianum" after his death), for the training of missionary workers among Jews, an institute which was still in existence in Muenster (Germany) in the 1970s. Nevertheless, Delitzsch fought vehemently against defamations of the Talmud by anti-Semitic writers, especially against Rohling's libelous pamphlet Der Talmudjude (1871). Delitzsch's first book, Zur Geschichte der juedischen Poesie vom Abschluss der Heiligen Schriften des Alten Bundes bis auf die neueste Zeit (1836), was the first comprehensive study of the history of Hebrew poetry and a serious attempt to deal with this subject with the accepted tools of literary criticism. In his Bible commentaries, the most important of which are those on Psalms (1859, 1894), on Isaiah (1866–1889), and on Ecclesiastes (1875), his approach was based upon philological analysis. He meticulously adhered to the masoretic text, and, on principle, avoided critical emendations. He mitigated his traditional attitude only in his later writings, in which he accepted some of the tenets of the "source theory" of modern Bible criticism. To this subject he devoted his Complutensische Varianten zum alttestamentischen Texte (1878). Delitzsch assisted Seligmann Baer in his edition of the Hebrew Bible, based upon the masoretic text. Delitzsch edited both Moses Hayyim Luzzatto's Migdal Oz (1857) and the Karaite Aaron b. Elijah's Ez Hayyim (1841, with the assistance of M. Steinschneider). He also wrote Juedisches Handwerkerleben zur Zeit Jesu ("Jewish Artisans in the Time of Jesus," 1868, 1879) and Juedisch-arabische Poesien aus vor-mohammedanischer Zeit ("Pre-Islamic Jewish poetry," 1874). His theological works and New Testament studies include: Die biblisch-prophetische Theologie (1845); System der biblischen Psychologie (1855, 1861); Commentar zum Briefe an die Hebraeer (1857); Jesus und Hillel (also in Hebrew; 1866, 1875); System der christlichen Apologetik (1869). One of his missionary writings, Ernste Fragen an die Gebildeten juedischer Religion ("Serious Questions to the Educated Members of the Jewish Faith," 1888), also appeared in Hebrew under the title Ha'amek She'elah (1912).
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Kind of Judaica