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Bidding Information
Lot #    13367
Auction End Date    1/24/2006 1:55:30 PM (mm/dd/yyyy)
Title Information
Title (English)    These are the DP's
Author    [Holocaust]
City    Darmstadt
Publisher    US Army
Publication Date    1947
Collection Information
Independent Item    This listing is an independent item not part of any collection
Description Information
   First edition. [12] pp., 360:313 mm., wide margins, usual age staining, creased on folds. A good copy bouns as issued.
   Informational brochure on the DP camps and their activities. DP's (Displaced Persons), term used to describe people who had been driven out of their homes as a result of Nazi decrees and World War II. It was applied primarily to those who had been imprisoned in concentration and in forced labor camps. At the end of World War II there were approximately 8,000,000 DPs in Germany and the Nazi occupied territories. The victorious Allied Powers gave high priority to the rapid repatriation of the DPs so that close to 5,000,000 were returned to their home countries by August 1945 and a further 1,000,000 by the end of the year. The remainder, persons who could not or would not be repatriated for political reasons, were put into special camps under the United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration (UNRRA). The general DP problem was being solved rapidly by repatriation. The Jewish DPs, however, presented a problem of an entirely different nature. At the war's end an estimated 50,000 Jews were liberated from concentration camps in Germany and Austria. Some of these joined the main stream of persons returning to their countries of origin; others managed in various ways to reach Italy in the hope of continuing from there to Palestine. Most of the Jewish survivors soon came to realize that they had no place to return to, as their communities had been destroyed and their families were no longer alive. A reverse trend set in, wherein Jewish survivors began making their way to the DP camps in Germany; these were Jews who had been in hiding, had joined the partisan units, or had succeeded in posing as "Aryans." They joined into a concentrated mass of Jewish DPs in the hope of being recognized by the Allies as a separate category of refugees. Their purpose was to be rehabilitated in a new homeland rather than to be included in the groups of refugees treated by country of origin.
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Listing Classification
20th Century:    Checked
Germany:    Checked
History:    Checked
Other:    Holocaust
First Editions:    Checked
Language:    English
Manuscript Type
Kind of Judaica