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Bidding Information
Lot #    13437
Auction End Date    3/7/2006 10:02:00 AM (mm/dd/yyyy)
Title Information
Title (English)    Rav Alfas
Title (Hebrew)    רב אלפס
Author    R. Isaac b. Jacob Alfasi (Rif)
City    Riva di Trento
Publisher    Three Partners
Publication Date    1557-58
Collection Information
Independent Item    This listing is an independent item not part of any collection
Description Information
   Three volumes, complete, usual light age and damp staining, corners rounded, old hands. Volume 1: 212; 777-852 ff., 296:208 mm., many ff. repaired affecting letters. Volume 2: 268 ff., 326:216 mm., wide margins. Volume 3: 312, [8]; 853-872 ff., 296:208 mm., nice margins. A good set bound in modern half leather and marbled paper over boards.
Paragraph 1    The Hebrew printing press in Riva, was active between 1558 and 1562 and produced about 35 titles. The press owed its success to the cooperation of three men: Cardinal Cristoforo Madruzzo, bishop of Trent, who had jurisdiction over the town and whose coat-of-arms appears on many of the Riva publications; R. Joseph b. Nathan Ottolenghi, rabbi and rosh yeshivah at Cremona; and Jacob Marcaria, dayyan and physician, also of Cremona, who was the printer and contributed learned prefaces to his productions.
   The most important code prior to the Mishneh Torah of Maimonides. It was recounted that R. Jacob of Marvege, a tosafist, inquired in a dream whether the law concerning a certain case was according to the geonim or according to Alfasi; he received an answer from heaven: "And I shall establish my covenant with Isaac" (Gen. 17:21). R. Abraham b. David of Posquieres, who tended to be severely critical of other authors, wrote of him: "I would rely on the words of Alfasi even if he should say that right is left." R. Menahem ha-Meiri always refers to the Alfasi as "the greatest of codifiers." R. Joseph Caro regards the Alfasi as the first among the three pillars of learning upon whom the house of Israel rests (Alfasi, Maimonides, and R. Asher b. Jehiel), and upon whose authority he determined the laws in his Shulhan Arukh. Thus the Alfasi's influence pervades Jewish code-literature up to modern times. At the close of the Middle Ages, when the Talmud was banned in Italy, the Alfasi's work was expressly exempted, so that between the 16th and 19th centuries it was a principal subject of study among Italian Jews.

R. Isaac b. Jacob Alfasi (known as Rif; 1013–1103), author of the most important code prior to the Mishneh Torah of Maimonides. Alfasi was a native of Qal'at Hammad near Constantine, in Algeria, and is therefore sometimes called "ha-Kala'i." According to R. Abraham ibn David, Alfasi studied in Kairouan under both R. Nissim ben Jacob and R. Hananel b. Hushi'el, but nowhere does Alfasi mention them as his teachers. After a period of study in Kairouan, Alfasi settled in Fez (hence his surname "Alfasi" or Rif, initials of R. Isaac Fasi). He remained there until 1088, when, in his 75th year, he was denounced to the government by enemies and was forced to flee to Spain. After a few months in Cordova he moved to Lucena, where he remained until his death.

Paragraph 2    עם רשי ופירוש ... רבינו נסים והרב ... יונה (עם פירוש רבינו יהונתן הכהן ... רבי יוסף חביבא הנקרא נמקי יוסף ועם לקוטות מפסקי הרא"ש) עם מראה מקום מהדינים מספרי הרמב"ם [משנה תורה] ור"מ [נ' משה] מקוצי [ספר מצוות גדול] ובעל הטורים [ר' יעקב ב"ר אשר , חובר על-ידי ר' יהושע בועז ממשפחת ברוך], הוגה ... על ידי ... ר' יוסף אוטילינג י"ץ ונדפס על ידו ומהונו ... חלק [א]-ג.

נדפס דף על דף כבדפוס ויניציאה רפ"א-רפ"ב. "מראה מקום מהדינים" נדפס כמו בויניציאה שי"ב ולא כ"עין משפט" שנדפס בסביוניטה שי"ד.חלק א]: [מסכת ברכות, סדר מועד והלכות קטנות]. (שי"ז)-שי"ח. ריב, תשעז-תתעב דף. [חלק א]:מעבר לשער הקדמת הרופא ר' יעקב ב"ר דוד מרקריא, שהשתתף בהגהת הספר. [חלק א]:דף תתנג, בראש הלכות קטנות: נדפס ... בחדש אלול בשנת שי"ז. חלק ב: [סדר נשים ומסכת חולין]. שי"ח. רסח דף. חלק ג: [סדר נזיקין]. שי"ח, שב, [8] דף. [8] דף: עשרים שערי שבועות של ... רבי יצחק בן ... רבי ראובן. נדפס ראשונה בהלכות רב אלפס, חלק ג, ויניציאה רפ"ב

   CD-EPI 0120727; EJ; JE
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Listing Classification
16th Century:    Checked
Italy:    Checked
Halacha:    Checked
Language:    Hebrew
Manuscript Type
Kind of Judaica