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Bidding Information
Lot #    13465
Auction End Date    3/7/2006 10:16:00 AM (mm/dd/yyyy)
          
Title Information
Title (English)    Sheelot uTeshuvot ha-Rashba
Title (Hebrew)   
Author    R. Solomon ibn Adret (Rashba)
City    Hanau
Publisher    Hans Jacob Hena
Publication Date    1610
          
Collection Information
Independent Item    This listing is an independent item not part of any collection
          
Description Information
Physical
Description
   192; 193-322 ff., 181:138 mm., nice margins, usual age staining, old hands, stamps. A very good copy bound in 18th century full leather boards, rubbed.
          
Paragraph 1    The R. Hayyim Weil copy with his hand on title and in many margins.
          
Detailed
Description
   One thousand, two hundred fifty five responsa from R. Solomon ben Abraham Adret (Rashba, c. 1235c. 1310) bound in two volumes. This edition of Rashbas responsa, known as Part I (the other parts were printed later), encompasses all aspects of Jewish law and life. There are responses to queries on communal issues, use of the ban, converts, informers, marital laws (including polygamy), performance of precepts, education, guardians, financial and property matters, taxation, and relations with the secular authorities. A number of the responsa are discourses on non-halakhic subjects. The title page has an ornate frame, with Moses and Aaron on, respectively, the left and right borders, and, at the top, Akedat Yitzhak. At the end of the second volume is a twenty two folio index by subject matter. Rashbas responsa are among the most important and most comprehensive of any rishon (early rabbinic sage). This comprehensive edition of Rashabas responsa is based on the Bologna edition (1539). The first edition (c. Rome, 1469), among the first printed Hebrew books, contains 420 responsa. The second printing (Constantinople, 1516) has 119 responsa, and a supplement, also published that year by Moses ben Samuel Facilino, has seven responsa on aggadah (included in this edition).

R. Solomon b. Abraham ibn Adret (1235-1310) was one of the preeminent talmudists and halakhic authorities in medieval Spain. Born to a distinguished family in Barcelona, Adret was a student of R. Jonah Gerondi (Rabbenu Yonah) and R. Moses ben Nahman (Ramban). He served as rabbi of Barcelona for forty years, achieving such recognition and respect that he was acknowledged as El Rab dEspana (rabbi of Spain). His yeshivah attracted students from afar; many of whom became prominent rabbis and scholars. Regarded as fair and incorruptible, renowned for his humility, Adret was turned to by all strata of society, from an orphan, for whom he was the guardian, against powerful state officials, to Pedro III of Aragon, who requested Adret adjudicate entangled cases between Jewish communities. In the dispute over studying philosophy, Adret defended Maimonides, but placed serious restrictions on the study of science and philosophy.

          
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Reference
Description
   EJ; Heller, 16th Century Hebrew Book; JE; CD-EPI 0105686
        
Associated Images
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Listing Classification
Period
17th Century:    Checked
  
Location
Holland:    Checked
  
Subject
Responsa:    Checked
  
Characteristic
Language:    Hebrew
  
Manuscript Type
  
Kind of Judaica