Joseph Ezekiel Rajpurkar (1834–1905), scholar of the Bene Israel community in Bombay, studied at the Free Assembly School, where, in 1856, he became a teacher in the David Sassoon Benevolent Institution. After five years he became headmaster, a post which he occupied for 40 years. In 1871 Rajpurkar was appointed Hebrew examiner at the University of Bombay, which elected him a fellow in 1879. A master of Hebrew as well as of Marathi, the vernacular of Bombay, he translated over 20 works of the Hebrew liturgy and many English works of Jewish interest into Marathi. Among his translations of Hebrew liturgical works are the Daily Prayer Book (1889, 1924), the mahzor, piyyutim, and selihot. He also published a Hebrew primer for children, and prayers for various occasions. Rajpurkar was also secretary of the Bene-Israel Benevolent Scoiety.