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Bidding Information
Lot #    13586
Auction End Date    3/7/2006 11:16:30 AM (mm/dd/yyyy)
          
Title Information
Title (English)    Mitsaref le-Kesef
Title (Hebrew)   
Author    [Only Ed.] R. Naftali Herz
City    Frankfort am Main
Publisher    Elimielekh Slabitski
Publication Date    1898
          
Collection Information
Independent Item    This listing is an independent item not part of any collection
          
Description Information
Physical
Description
   Only edition. [3], 44 pp., octavo, 204:140 mm., wide margins, usual age staining. A good copy bound in later boards.
          
Detailed
Description
   Super commentary on the Baal ha-Turim on the Torah by R. Naftali Hertz Melahvitz. The title is from, The refining pot (mitsaref le-kesef) is for silver (Proverbs 17:3, 27:21). The title page describes Mitsaref le-Kesef as explaining those passages in the Tur that require clarification. It diescribes R. R. Naftali Herz as the author of Mishloah Manot on Megillat Esther and Bet Avot an Pirkei Avot. There is a preface from R. Mordecai Gershon Eliezer Alter ben Joseph Shalom, who brough the book to press and was the editor. There is also a mention of gratitude to five rabbis who gave approbations to the manuscript for this and the other books. Next is the authors intoroduction followed by the text. Mitsaref le-Kesef covers the entire text, from Bereshit through Zot ha-Berachah, on the Baal ha-Turim. The volume concludes with notes (43-44).

R. Jacob ben Asher (1270?1340) was a major halakhic authority. He was the son of R. Asher b. Jehiel (the Rosh), under whom he studied. In 1303 he accompanied his father from Germany to Toledo, where he lived in great poverty, shunning rabbinical office and devoting all his time to study. In his learning, he avoided prolixity and casuistry. His enduring fame rests upon his major work, the Arba'ah Turim, as a result of which, he is commonly referred to as "the Ba'al ha-Turim." Perceiving that "reasoning had become faulty, controversy had increased, opinions had multiplied, so that there is no halakhic ruling which is free from differences of opinion," he decided to compile a work to embrace all halakhot and customs incumbent upon the individual and the community. The excellence of the work soon led to its dissemination throughout the Diaspora. Its authority has been recognized and accepted by all Jewish scholars throughout the generations, many of whom (including R. Joseph Caro, R. Moses Isserles, R. Isaac Aboab, R. Jacob ibn Habib, R. Joel Sirkes, and R. Hayyim Benveniste) wrote commentaries on it, and made prMcis of it. When R. Caro wrote his major work, the Beit Yosef (with the Turim ed. of Wilmersdorf, 172027), he decided to "base it upon the Turim... because it contains most of the views of the posekim." He also wrote a comprehensive commentary on the Pentateuch (Zolkiew, 1806), containing the best expositions of the peshat ("literal meaning") by earlier Bible commentators, such as Saadiah Gaon, Rashi, R. Abraham ibn Ezra, David Kimhi, and others, in particular abstracting "the straightforward explanations" from the commentary of Nahmanides and disregarding the kabbalistic ones, since "my soul has not entered its secret" (cf. Gen. 49:6). Mitsaref le-Kesef is based on this work.

          
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Reference
Description
   BE mem 3354; CD-EPI 0152731
        
Associated Images
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Listing Classification
Period
19th Century:    Checked
  
Location
Germany:    Checked
  
Subject
Bible:    Checked
  
Characteristic
First Editions:    Checked
Language:    Hebrew
  
Manuscript Type
  
Kind of Judaica