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Bidding Information
Lot #    13679
Auction End Date    3/7/2006 12:03:00 PM (mm/dd/yyyy)
Title Information
Title (English)    Sha'are Zedek (The Gates of Justice)
Title (Hebrew)    שערי צדק
Author    [Only Ed. - Kabbalah - Dedication Copy]
City    Jerusalem
Publisher    Israel b. Abraham Bak
Publication Date    1843
Collection Information
Independent Item    This listing is an independent item not part of any collection
Description Information
   Only edition. [6], 68 ff., 210:148 mm., nice margins, printed on blue-tint paper, several minor wormholes. A very good copy bound in contemporary half leather and marble paper boards, rubbed.
Paragraph 1    With dedication by Author on front fly v.
   Upon the prerogatives of the Holy Land and upon the sufferings of Jerusalem and of Safed in this century. The work is full of interesting details concerning Palestine.

R. Abiezer Judah b. Isaac of Tiktin came to Jerusalem around 1840. He resided in Jerusalem and wrote several scholarly works: Mishmeret ha-Berit (The Charge of the Covenant), a defense of Judaism against the irreligious, (Jerusalem, 1846); Mekor ha-Berakah (The Source of Blessing), being the first part of a work in three volumes, called Berakah Meshuleshet (The Threefold Benediction), upon the Talmudical treatise Berakot (Lemberg, 1851).

Israel b. Abraham Bak (1797–1874) was born in Berdichev, Ukraine, into a family of printers. Later he owned a Jewish press in Berdichev, printing about 30 books between 1815 and 1821 when the press closed down. In 1831, after various unsuccessful efforts to reopen the works, he emigrated to Palestine and settled in Safed. There he renewed the tradition of printing Hebrew works, which had come to an end in the last third of the 17th century. During the peasant revolt against Muhammad Ali in 1834 his printing press was destroyed and he was wounded. Later he reopened his press, and also began to work the land on Mount Yarmak (Meron), overlooking Safed. His was the first Jewish farm in Erez Israel in modern times. After the Safed earthquake in 1837 and the Druze revolt in 1838, during which his farm and printing press were destroyed, he moved to Jerusalem. In 1841 he established the first - and for 22 years, the only - Jewish printing press in Jerusalem. One hundred and thirty books were printed on it, making it an important cultural factor in Jerusalem. Bak also published and edited the second Hebrew newspaper in Erez Israel, Havazzelet (1863). After a short time its publication stopped and was renewed only in 1870 by his son-in-law I. D. Frumkin and others. Israel Bak was a leader of the hasidic community; as a result of his efforts and those of his son Nisan, a central synagogue for the Hasidim, called Tiferet Israel (after R. Israel of Ruzhin), came into being. In Jerusalem it was also known as "Nisan Bak's synagogue." It was destroyed in 1948 during the War of Independence.

Paragraph 2    לזרע יצחק ... מיוסד ונבנה מדברים יקרים ... והיה כל מבקש ה' לקרות ולדרוש מעל ספר הלזו. ימצא בו די מבוקשו ... חיברו איש ... מיושבי ירושלם ת"ו החותם בשתים שהן ארבע [אביעזר ב"ר יצחק] ... "גרת"ה ... לפ"ק", אבל יש לתקן: לפ"ג. עיין: שושנה הלוי, הדפוס הראשון בירושלים, ירושלים תש"א, מס' 21. מעבר לשער "התנצלות" המחבר הכוללת שיר שהאקרוסטיכון שלו: אביעזר. ובסוף ההקדמה, דף [4,ב], הוא מזכיר את אביו: הרב הגדול החריף המפורסם המנוח מוהר"ר יצחק נ"ע. בספר ארבעה שערים. שערי אורה (על מאורעות צפת, ירושלים טבריה), שערי תשובה, שערי יושר, שער ישועה.
   CD-EPI 0105521 (only [4] initial ff.); Halevy, Jerusalem Imprints 16; Fuenn, Keneset Yisrael, p. 6, Warsaw, 1886; Ha-Eshkol (encyclopedia), p. 111, Warsaw, 1887
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Listing Classification
19th Century:    Checked
Israel:    Checked
Autographed:    Checked
First Editions:    Checked
Language:    Hebrew
Manuscript Type
Kind of Judaica