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Bidding Information
Lot #    13722
Auction End Date    3/7/2006 12:24:30 PM (mm/dd/yyyy)
          
Title Information
Title (English)    Siftei Hahumim
Title (Hebrew)    שפתי חכמים
Author    [First Ed.] R. Shabbetai Bass
City    Frankfort am Main
Publisher    Johann Kellner
Publication Date    1712
          
Collection Information
Independent Item    This listing is an independent item not part of any collection
          
Description Information
Physical
Description
   First revised edition. [1], 133 [i.e. 143] ff., 203:161 mm., nice margins, usual light age staining, some corners frayed. A good copy bound in modern cloth boards.
          
Detailed
Description
   First edition of the popular commentary on Rashi, often reprinted, by R. Shabbetai b. Joseph Bass (1641–1718), the first Jewish bibliographer. Bass's parents were killed in a pogrom in Kalisz (Poland) by the Cossacks in 1655, but he and his elder brother were saved and fled to Prague. Possessing a pleasant voice, Bass was engaged as an assistant singer (hence his nickname Bass) to the cantor Loeb at the Altneu synagogue (Altneuschul) in Prague. In Prague he acquired a thorough knowledge of the Talmud, and also a general education which included Latin. His love of books and a critical spirit drew him to publication and printing. In 1669 in Prague he printed a revised edition of the Yiddish commentary on the Pentateuch and the Five Scrolls by Moses Saertels, Be'er Moshe, with an appendix on "grammatical rules." As there was no complete list in Hebrew of Jewish literature, he undertook to compile one. Between 1674 and 1679 Bass visited libraries in Poland, Germany, and Holland. In Amsterdam he studied the art of printing and proofreading, and published: Massekhet Derekh Erez, a guide book for travelers (1680); the Pentateuch with a super-commentary on Rashi, Siftei Hakhamim; and Siftei Yeshenim (1680), a list in Hebrew of some 2,200 Hebraica and Judaica. In 1688 Bass obtained a permit to set up a Hebrew printing press at Auras, and this was shortly afterward transferred to Dyhernfurth. He also successfully engaged in bookselling. When the Jesuits accused Bass of spreading hatred against the Christians and the government, he at first succeeded in refuting the accusations; but in 1712 the Jesuits repeated the accusations and he was arrested. In the trial he succeeded in proving the ignorance of his accusers, and was released. His sons and grandsons continued to print books at Dyhernfurth up to the second half of the 18th century.
          
Paragraph 2    והוא פירוש ... על דברי רבינו ... רש"י זצ"ל על התורה וחמש מגילות. ומאסף ... דברי ... גדולי מחברים. קדמונים ואחרונים. אשר ביררו דברי רש"י זצ"ל ... נדפס בכרך בפני עצמו ... כדי לחברו לכל ספרי חומשים ... (המסדר ... כמהר"ר שבתי משור"ר מפראג יצ"ו, בעל המחבר שפתי ישנים, אחיו של המקובל ... החסיד כמוהר"ר יעקב שטרימרש זצוק"ל) ...

המחבר בהקדמה וכן המסכים מזכירים "דברים חדשים שנתחדשו" בספר על-ידי ר' יעקב ב"ר משה אברהם זצ"ל טריוש אשכנזי הנקרא ר' יעקב בריסקר "אשר נטפל לעושי מצוה להגיה ספר ... הלז".

          
Reference
Description
   Vinograd, Frankfurt am Main 295; EJ; Bloch, in: Studies in Jewish Bibliography... (1929), index; Shunami, Bibl, index; CD-EPI 0115307
        
Associated Images
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Listing Classification
Period
  
18th Century:    Checked
  
Location
Germany:    Checked
  
Subject
Bible:    Checked
  
Characteristic
First Editions:    Checked
Language:    Hebrew
  
Manuscript Type
  
Kind of Judaica