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Bidding Information
Lot #    13890
Auction End Date    3/7/2006 1:48:00 PM (mm/dd/yyyy)
Title Information
Title (English)    Sefer Yere'im
Title (Hebrew)    ספר יראים
Author    [Hasidim] R. Eliezer ben Samuel of Metz
City    Zholkva
Publisher    Gershon ben Zev Wolff Segal
Publication Date    1804
Collection Information
Independent Item    This listing is an independent item not part of any collection
Description Information
   8, 82, 20 ff., 209:170 mm., usual light age staining, few minor wormholes affecting single letters, stamps on title and several ff. A very good copy bound in modern half cloth over boards.
   Halakhic compendium by R. Eliezer ben Samuel of Metz. Sefer Yere’im, written between 1171 and 1179, is an enumeration of the taryag (613) mitzvot, according to the Halakhot Gedolot. The title page has a decorative frame, text describing the book, and informs that it was brought to press by R. Ephraim Zalman, grandson of R. Menahem Mendel Zolkover. It is dated from the verse, “Fear G-d, and keep his commandments” (Ecclesiastes 12:13).

This edition is important for the large number of prominent rabbis who provided approbations and the list of supporters. They are, R. Zevi Hirsch ben Issachar Berish Rosanes, (1733–1804), R. Meir ben Zevi Hirsh Kristianpoller (1740–1815), R. Joseph Hoech Glarenter, R. Ephraim Zalman ben Menahem Mannes Margolioth, (1760–1828), R. Moses Beryn Blum, and R. Abraham Joshua Heschel of Apta (d. 1825). The approbations are followed by the introduction of R. Ephraim Zalman ben Naphtali Hertz of Brod, and then six pages, in three columns, listing the names alphabetically by place, of those who supported publication of this work. The list includes every contemporary Hassidic Rebbe of note and disciples of importance. There is a listing by subject of the contents and then the text, which is in two columns in square unvocallized letters.

R. Eliezer ben Samuel of Metz of the Ba’alei Tosafot (c. 1115-c. 1198) was a student of Rabbenu Tam, R. Samuel ben Meir (Rashbam), and R. Hayyim Kohen of Paris. Little is known of R. Eliezer’s personal life, except that his daughters died in his lifetime, leaving him feeling alone and solitary. He served as a gabbai tzedekah and professionally was a moneylender. Located in Metz, on the border of France and Germany, R. Eliezer was an intermediary between the Jewish communities of those lands, so that when scholars in the latter land wished to stress a teaching of Rabbenu Tam they said it in R. Eliezer’s name. It is R. Eliezer’s intent to emphasize the study of the commandments, both those applicable as well as those that can not currently be fulfilled. In addition to its halakhic content Sefer Yere'im also includes considerable ethical teachings.

Paragraph 2    ...הובא לבית הדפוס ע"י ... ר' אפרים זלמן נכד הרב ... מנחם מענדיל זאלקוויר זלה"ה מ"מ ומ"ץ דק' בראד ... בשנת את א'להים י'רא' ואת מ'צ'ו'ת'י'ו' שמור

דף [3,ב]: הקדמת המביא לבית הדפוס, אפרים זלמן בהרבני נפתלי הירץ מבראד. על פי הוצאת ויניציאה שכ"ו. הסכמות: ר' צבי הירש ראזניס, לבוב, ב אדר תקס"ג; ר' מאיר ב"ר צבי הירש [קריסטינאפוליר], בראד, יד שבט תקס"ג; ר' יוסף הויך גלערנטר, זאמושטש, כב אדר תקס"ג; ר' אפרים זלמן מרגליות, בראד, ד יתרו תקס"ג; ר' משה בערין בלום אב"ד קאסנטין ישן, בראד, ג שבט תקס"ג; ר' ישראל ב"ר שבתי [הופשטיין], קאזיניץ, כד סיון תקס"ג; ר' אברהם יהושע העשיל, אפטא, ראש חודש אלול תקס"ג.

   EJ; Heller 16th Cent. Book; JE; Vinograd, Zolkiew 612; CD-EPI 0120676
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Listing Classification
19th Century:    Checked
Russia-Poland:    Checked
Hasidic:    Checked
Halacha:    Checked
Language:    Hebrew
Manuscript Type
Kind of Judaica