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Bidding Information
Lot #    13904
Auction End Date    3/7/2006 2:02:21 PM (mm/dd/yyyy)
Title Information
Title (English)    Sermon in honor of Kaiser Joseph II
Title (Hebrew)    דרוש השבח והודאה
Author    [Only Ed. - Community] R. Ezekiel Landau
City    Prague
Publication Date    1789
Collection Information
Independent Item    This listing is an independent item not part of any collection
Description Information
   Only edition. [8] ff., 8 vo., 170:100 mm., light age staining, stamp erasure on title, small excision on final - allnot affecting text. A good copy bound in modern paper wrappers. Rare - only one known copy in the British Museum.
   Speech delivered by R. Landau on Monday, last day of Tishre, in the Meisel Synoguge in the Prague Gettho. The Rabbi asks for the success of the German Kaiser Joseph II in his attack on Belgrade.

While the speech has survived; the attack did not. Joseph joined Russia in an attempt to pillage Turkey. It began on his part by an unsuccessful and discreditable attempt to surprise Belgrade in time of peace, and was followed by the ill-managed campaign of 1788, which resulted in defeat.

R. Ezekiel b. Judah Landau (1713–1793), halakhic authority of the 18th century, known as the Noda bi-Yhudah, after one of his works. Landau was born in Opatow, Poland, and received his talmudic education in Vladimir-Volinski and Brody. He was endowed with qualities which make him one of the most famous rabbis of the close of the classical Ashkenazi rabbinic era. He came from a wealthy and distinguished family tracing its descent back to Rashi. He had a commanding appearance and rare intellectual ability, was of strong character imbued with a love of truth and of his fellow men, and had considerable diplomatic skill. By nature he was an intellectual ascetic whose main interest lay in the study and teaching of Torah. In his time he was regarded as the prototype of the ideal Jew. At the age of 21 he was already dayyan of Brody, and at 30 rabbi of Yampol. From there he received a call in 1754 to become rabbi of Prague and the whole of Bohemia, one of the highest positions of that time. His tenure of the Prague rabbinate enabled R. Landau to give practical effect to his outstanding qualities. It afforded ample scope for his rabbinic and communal activity both in Prague itself and beyond. He acted as judge, teacher, and mentor of the community. In his capacity as rabbi of Bohemia, he represented the Jews before the Austrian government. In his great yeshivah, he taught hundreds of students, the cream of Jewish youth from Austria and surrounding countries.

Paragraph 2    על הצלחות אדוננו הקיסר יאזעף השני בלכדו עיר הבצורה בעליגראד על ידי שר צבא ... באראן לוידאן) אשר דרש ... ר' יחזקאל סג"ל לנדא אב"ד ור"מ דקהלתינו... ער"ח מרחשון בבהכ"נ מייזל... והובא לבית הדפוס ע"י... אברהם בן... אלי' קיש זצלה"ה שמש דהגאון אב"ד וב"ד המאורות דמו"ש [דייני מורה שוה] נ"י...
   CD-EPI 0049095; EJ; J. A. Kamelhar, Mofet ha-Dor (1903)
Associated Images
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Listing Classification
18th Century:    Checked
Other:    Bohemia
History:    Checked
Homiletics:    Checked
First Editions:    Checked
Language:    Hebrew
Manuscript Type
Kind of Judaica