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Bidding Information
Lot #    14456
Auction End Date    6/13/2006 10:04:00 AM (mm/dd/yyyy)
Title Information
Title (English)    Tratado da conservacam da saude dos povos
Author    [Marrano - Medical] Antonio Ribeiro Sanchez
City    Lisbon, Portugal
Publisher    Joseph Filippe
Publication Date    1757
Item of
Collection Information
Independent Item    This listing is an independent item not part of any collection
Description Information
   Second edition. [16], 368 pp., 203:142 mm., wide margins, light age and damp staining, old hands. A very good copy bound in contemporary full calf over boards, rubbed on edges. Very rare - no copy in major collections.
Paragraph 1    Important medical study, published anonymously, no doubt to hide the Jewish identity of the Author to his Portuguese audience. Author is the first to impress the importance of hygiene to prevent or contain the spread of epidemics.
   Antonio Ribeiro Sanchez (16991783), Marrano physician. Born in Penamacor, Portugal, Sanchez fled to Holland to escape persecution and studied medicine at the University of Leiden. In 1731, on the recommendation of his teacher, the noted Professor Boerhaave, he became physician to Empress Anna Ivanovna of Russia and eventually to the czar and his family. A gifted physician, and member of the Imperial Academy of Science, Sanchez is recorded in the Memoirs of Empress Catherine II as having cured her of a serious illness. However, in 1747, he was forced to leave St. Petersburg after Czarina Elizabeth Petrovna, an anti-Semite, discovered Sanchez' Jewish origins. He then went to Paris and resumed his medical practice in the poorer sections of the city. In 1762, when Catherine II came to power, she granted him a life pension of 1,000 rubles annually in belated recognition of his faithful service to the royal court. Sanchez published Dissertation sur l'origine de la maladie venerienne (Paris, 1750), and De Cura Variolarum Vaporarii Ope apud Russos (1768), which first informed European physicians of the medical value of Russian vapor baths.
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Listing Classification
18th Century:    Checked
Iberian Peninsula:    Checked
Other:    Medical
Language:    Spanish
Manuscript Type
Kind of Judaica