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Bidding Information
Lot #    14618
Auction End Date    6/13/2006 11:25:00 AM (mm/dd/yyyy)
          
Title Information
Title (English)    Kol be-Ramah
Title (Hebrew)    - '
Author    [Kabbalah - Ms.] R. Jacob ben Hayyim Zemah
City    Mid-East
Publication Date    18th cent.
          
Collection Information
Independent Item    This listing is an independent item not part of any collection
          
Description Information
Physical
Description
   240 ff., 204:151 mm., wide margins, light age and damp staining, ink on heavy paper, beautiful and neat mid-Eastern or North African script, 27-30 lines per page, signed by scribe on final, "Hayyim a"a Israel Benveniste", bound in modern full leather over boards.
          
Paragraph 1    Apparently written before the first printed edition (Korec 1785) with textual variations.
          
Detailed
Description
   Commentary on the teachings of R. Isaac ben Solomon Luria (ha-Ari, 15341572) as found in the Sifra di-Zeniuta and the Idra of the Zohar by R. Jacob ben Hayyim Zemah. Kol Be-Ramah is part two of R. Zemahs Zohar ha-Rakia, this volume being on Numbers and Deuteronomy. In the introduction to this volume R. Zemah bemoans the fact that Lurianic Kabbalah is not much studied. A consequence is that the coming of the Messiah is delayed, for his coming depends upon repentance and study of Kabbalah as explained in the Zohar and the writings of the Ari. The delay can be attributed to the fact that schools for that study have not been established in every town.

R. Jacob ben Hayyim Zemah (d. after 16 65), belonged to a Converso family in northern Portugal, where he served as a physician. He fled that land for Erez Israel, passing through Salonika where he studied Torah. Some time between 1610 and 1620, he settled in Safed and learned Talmud and Kabbalah. In approximately 1628 he left for Damascus, and studied the Lurianic Kabbalah under R. Samuel ben Hayyim Vital for eighteen years. Around 1640 he settled in Jerusalem where he became one of the leading kabbalists. He opened a yeshiva, counting among his students R. David Comforte. R. Zemah was among the Jerusalem opponents of Shabbetai Zevi who excommunicated him when he first claimed to be the messiah in 1665.

His many works are anthologic in character, relying on R. Hayyim Vitals Kabbalah. Nevertheless, R. Zemahs contribution to the literary consolidation of Lurianic Kabbalah is important as are his citations of contemporary kabbalists, e.g., R. Joseph ibn Tabul. Zemah left many works, partly in manuscript. In the aforesaid introduction he gives details of his literary activities. His works include Zer Zahav, an explanation of every item in the Orah Hayyim section of the Shulhan Arukh according to the Zohar and the Lurianic Kabbalah; Lehem min ha-Shamayim (Munkacs, 1905), a compilation of Lurianic customs of which the printed version differs from the manuscripts; Nagid u-Mezavveh (Amsterdam, 1712), an important anthology of Lurianic customs which served as the basis for Shulhan Arukh shel ha-Ari; Zemah Zaddik (Korzec, 1785), kabbalistic homilies.

          
Reference
Description
   EJ
        
Associated Images
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Listing Classification
Period
  
18th Century:    Checked
  
Location
Other:    Mid-East
  
Subject
  
Kabbalah:    Checked
  
Characteristic
Language:    Hebrew
  
Manuscript Type
Other:    Book
  
Kind of Judaica