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Bidding Information
Lot #    14656
Auction End Date    6/13/2006 11:44:00 AM (mm/dd/yyyy)
Title Information
Title (English)    Jerusalem Talmud - Hullin and Bekhorot
Title (Hebrew)    תלמוד ירושלמי סדר קדשים (מזויף)
Author    [Forgery] Solomon Judah Friedlaender
City    Szinervaralja (Seini )
Publisher    Jacob Weider
Publication Date    1907
Collection Information
Independent Item    This listing is an independent item not part of any collection
Description Information
   Only edition. [9], 78; [1], 47 ff., 340:240 mm., usual age staining, wide margins. A very good copy bound in contemporary half cloth boards, rubbed.
   Friedlaender's most important forgery, his pretended Seder Kodashim of the Jerusalem Talmud with his commentary Heshek Shelomo. Friedlaender proclaimed his fortunate discovery of an ancient Spanish manuscript, dated Barcelona 1212, which contained this long lost and most important talmudic text.

Solomon Judah Friedlaender (c. 1860–c. 1923), author and literary forger. Friedlaender gave contradictory biographical accounts of his life, claiming at various times to have been born in Hungary, Turkey, and Rumania, but in all probability he was born in Beshenkovichi near Vitebsk, Belorussia. He supposedly studied at the yeshivah in Volozhin and afterward wandered throughout Europe. He was in Czernowitz (1880–1882), Mainz (1884), Frankfort on the Main (1885), Mulhouse (c. 1888–c. 1895), Waitzen (1900–1902), Naszod (1902–1906), and finally in Szatmar, from 1906 onward. It seems that he died in Vienna. Friedlaender published a number of works of doubtful authenticity or pure forgeries.

With this publication, he reached the summit of his audacity, claiming to be of pure Sephardi descent (Sephardi tahor) from the well-known Algazi family and a native of Smyrna. He asserted that he was assisted in the acquisition of the manuscript by his brother, Elijah Algazi, and a business associate of the latter, both citizens of Smyrna. Some of the leading scholars of this period, such as Solomon Buber, Solomon Shechter, and R. Shalom Mordecai Schwadron of Brzezany accepted his story. However, the majority of scholars gave no credence to his tales, and R. B. Ritter of Rotterdam conclusively proved the fallaciousness of Friedlaender's claims. On the basis of internal evidence, R. Ritter showed that the text was an overt forgery. R. Ritter's conclusions were supported by many experts, including R. V. Aptowitzer, R. W. Bacher, R. D. B. Ratner and R. Meir Dan Plotzki. The controversy continued for the next few years, and as late as 1913, Friedlaender still published booklets on this issue.

Paragraph 2    ... מוגה ומסודר... ומפורש... על ידי הפירוש חשק שלמה, הכולל פירוש תוספות והגהות, מאתי... שלמה יאודה ס"ט בהגאון מהר"ם זצ"ל הספרדי, מכונה פריעדלענדער... מסכת חולין, בכורות... עם הגהות הערות וחידושים מאת הרב... שלום מרדכי הכהן [שוואדרון]... וביאור המלות זרות והערות מאת... שלמה באבער.

תרס"ו-תרס"ז. [9], עח; [1], מז דף. בשער הכללי ובשער מסכת חולין: תרס"ז. בשער מסכת בכורות: בשנת ו'ת'ס'ר' את בגדי אלמנותה [תרס"ו]. ראינו שני טפסים של חלק ב, עם שינוי מעבר לשער הכללי: בטופס אחד נדפס שם שער לועזי (הרשום למעלה) ובטופס אחר נדפסו שם דברי המדפיס.

הסכמות: ): ר' שלום מרדכי הכהן [שוואדרון], ברעזאן, כא שבט תרס"ו; ר' אריה ליבש הלוי איש הורוויץ, סטאניסלאב, י שבט תרס"ו; ר' אליעזר דייטש, באניהאד, כח חשון תרס"ז; ר' יודא גרינוואלד, סאטמאר, כו טבת תרס"ו; ר' אברהם בנימין קלוגער, בראדי, יח שבט תרס"ו; ר' יצחק ליב סופר, דרהאביטש, ו ניסן תרס"ו.

   CD-EPI 0308377; EJ; D. B. Ratner, in: Haolam, 1 (1907), 26ff.; Tel-Talpioth, 1907 and 1908
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Listing Classification
20th Century:    Checked
Other:    Hungary
Other:    Forgery
First Editions:    Checked
Language:    Hebrew
Manuscript Type
Kind of Judaica