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Bidding Information
Lot #    14715
Auction End Date    6/13/2006 12:13:30 PM (mm/dd/yyyy)
          
Title Information
Title (English)    Statuten des israelitschen Frauenvereines
Author    [Only Ed. - Community]
City    Boskowitz
Publisher    J. Dolezal
Publication Date    1889
          
Collection Information
Independent Item    This listing is an independent item not part of any collection
          
Description Information
Physical
Description
   Only edition. 8 pp., 192:115 mm., light age staining. A very good copy bound as published.
          
Detailed
Description
   Rules and regulations of the Boskowitz Ladies Society, which devoted itself to community affairs, visiting the sick, etc. in Boskowitz, town in Moravia, Czech Republic. Its Jewish community was one of the oldest and, from the 17th to 19th centuries, one of the most important. A Jewish tombstone there was thought to date from 1069. Jews from Boskovice are mentioned in decisions of the Brno municipal high court in 1243. The community began to flourish after Jews expelled from Brno in 1454 settled in Boskovice. In 1565 Jews there owned real estate, but were prohibited from doing business in the surrounding villages. The statutes of the hevra kaddisha were compiled in 1657. There were 26 Jewish houses in Boskovice in 1676. The synagogue was built in 1698, 892 Jewish inhabitants died of the plague in 1715 and the Jewish quarter was put in quarantine for a year. A peculiar custom of the Boskovice community was to bury women who died in childbirth in a special section in the cemetery. A gabbai was appointed specially for the members of the hevra kaddisha who were kohanim. The Jews were segregated in a special quarter of the town in 1727. During the revolution of 1848 Jews in Boskovice joined the National Guard. A political community was established in Boskovice after 1848 which became known for its municipal activities, in particular its fire brigade (founded in 1863). Toward the end of the 19th century many Jews moved away from Boskovice. Between the two world wars Boskovice became a summer resort and was frequented by many Jews.

The community numbered 300 families in 1793; 326 families (1,595 persons) in 1829; 2,018 persons in 1857; 598 in 1900 (when 116 houses were owned by Jews); and 395 in 1930 (6% of the total population), of whom 318 declared their nationality as Jewish. Boskovice was a noted center of Jewish learning. Among rabbis who lived there were Judah Loeb Issachar Baer Oppenheim (appointed rabbi in 1704), Nathan Adler (1782), who was followed by his disciple Moses Sofer, Samuel ha-Levi Kolin and his son Benjamin Ze'ev Boskowitz, whose yeshivah made Boskovice celebrated, Abraham Placzek, who was Moravian Landesrabbiner from 1851 to 1884, and Solomon Funk. The Zionist president of the Vienna community, Desider Friedmann, and his non-Zionist deputy Josef Ticho, were school friends from Boskovice. Also from Boskovice were the German writer Hermann Ungar, the Jerusalem eye specialist Abraham Ticho, the historian Oskar K. Rabinowicz, and the Brno textile-industrialist Loew-Beer. The Jews who remained in Boskovice after the German occupation (1939) were deported to the East in 1942 and 1943 via Brno. Ritual objects belonging to the congregation were sent to the Central Jewish Museum in Prague in 1942. Only a few Jews resettled there after the Holocaust, the congregation being administered by the Brno community. The Jewish quarter has been preserved, substantially in its original plan.

          
Reference
Description
   EJ
        
Associated Images
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Listing Classification
Period
19th Century:    Checked
  
Location
Germany:    Checked
Other:    Moravia
  
Subject
History:    Checked
  
Characteristic
First Editions:    Checked
Language:    German
  
Manuscript Type
  
Kind of Judaica