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Bidding Information
Lot #    14731
Auction End Date    6/13/2006 12:21:00 PM (mm/dd/yyyy)
          
Title Information
Title (English)    Certificate of Sport
Title (Hebrew)    תעודה מכבי בכדור-יד
Author    [Ms.] Maccabi
City    Santropol
Publication Date    1920
          
Collection Information
Independent Item    This listing is an independent item not part of any collection
          
Description Information
Physical
Description
   [1] p., 234:204 mm., light age staining, ink on blue stationary, neat Ashkenazic script, signed, dated, and stamped.
          
Detailed
Description
   Certificate attesting to a member's participation in hand ball games. Maccabi World Union, the international Jewish sports organization which bears the name of Judah Maccabee had its origin in the belief of young Eastern European Jews involved in the growing movement for a national home in Palestine at the end of the 19th century that one essential prerequisite was the improvement of the physique of ghetto youth. To this end, gymnastics clubs were founded in a number of Eastern and Central European countries. They were not immediately called Maccabi. The first club, opened in Constantinople, Turkey, in 1895, was called the Israel Gymnastics Club, while others were named after another hero, Bar Kokhba, or were known by the Hebrew names "Ha-Ko'ah" ("strength") or "Ha-Gibbor" ("strong man"). The Bar Kokhba club published a monthly journal Juedische Turnzeitung later called Der Makkabi; it first appeared in 1900 and promoted athletics and national Jewish education. In 1897 the first of a series of Bulgarian clubs were opened in Plovdiv; a club was organized in Berlin in the following year and in Vienna in 1899. 1901 saw the establishment of a Polish club in Lemberg.
          
Reference
Description
   EJ
        
Associated Images
1 Image (Click thumbnail to view full size image):
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Listing Classification
Period
20th Century:    Checked
  
Location
Russia-Poland:    Checked
  
Subject
History:    Checked
  
Characteristic
Language:    Hebrew
  
Manuscript Type
Letters:    Checked
  
Kind of Judaica