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Bidding Information
Lot #    14898
Auction End Date    6/13/2006 1:44:30 PM (mm/dd/yyyy)
          
Title Information
Title (English)    Sefer ha-Middot
Title (Hebrew)   
Author    Aristotle (Moses Schulbaum, tr.)
City    Lemberg
Publisher    Szewezenko Vereins
Publication Date    1877
          
Collection Information
Independent Item    This listing is an independent item not part of any collection
          
Description Information
Physical
Description
   Revised edition. [3], 148, [2] pp., octavo, 210:130 mm., nice margins, age staining, some chipping, not bound.
          
Paragraph 1    Nikomachische Ethik, uebers. von Julius Rieckher, 1-3, 1856
          
Detailed
Description
   Hebrew translation of Aristotles ethics by Moses Schulbaum. There are some who describe it as the pseudo-Aristotelian Ethics. Nevertheless, The Ethics of Aristotle occupies an important place in the history of Jewish literature, although attention was directed to it comparatively late. Possessing their own religious writings an abundance, Aristotles only received attention when his whole philosophical system came to be studied. The Nicomachean Ethics, which alone of all Aristotle's ethical writings was known to the Middle Ages, was first translated into Hebrew from a Latin version in the beginning of the fifteenth century. The translator, Don Meïr Alguadez, expresses the opinion in his preface that Aristotle's ethical writings contain an explanation of certain precepts of the Torah. R. Moses Almosnino wrote a commentary upon this translation in 1584. The ethical aphorisms quoted by Hunain ibn Ishak in his work already mentioned found their way into many specimens of popular literature. Aristotle's relations with Alexander the Great are frequently mentioned in this literature as exemplary in their way, and Jews eagerly accepted the legendary accounts of the conversion of Aristotle to the true faith, and of the repudiation by him of his theory of Creation. But Immanuel ben Solomon (about 1320), in his imitation of the "Divina Commedia," nevertheless locates Aristotle in the infernal regions, because he taught the existence of the world from eternity. Gedaliah ibn Yahyah (sixteenth century) claimed to have found a book in which Aristotle recanted all his errors. People were easily persuaded to believe that "the wisest of the wise" had given in his allegiance to the doctrines of the Torah; that Simon the Just, whose acquaintance he is said to have made upon the occasion of Alexander's visit to Jerusalem, had convinced him of his errors.

The translator, Moses Schulbaum, was an Austrian Hebraist; born at Jezierzany, Galicia, April 25, 1835. His mother was a descendant of Hakam Zevi. At an early age he devoted himself to the study of Hebrew, and in 1870 entered the printing-house of Michael Wolf at Lemberg as proof-reader. When the Baron de Hirsch schools were founded in Galicia, Schulbaum was called (1889) as teacher of Hebrew to Kolomea; in 1897 he was transferred to the Baron de Hirsch school at Mikulince, where he is still (1905) teaching. Schulbaum is one of the foremost Neo-Hebraic writers. In addition to Aristotles Ethics he translated into Hebrew Schiller's "Die Räuber" (Lemberg, 1871) and has edited a complete revision of Ben Zeeb's "Ozar ha-Shorashim" (5 vols., ib. 1880-82). The last four parts of this book - namely, the Chaldeo-German, Neo-Hebraic, and German-Hebraic glossaries, and the glossary of proper names - were compiled independently by Schulbaum; likewise the following parts which have appeared in a second edition: Hebrew-German dictionary (ib. 1898), and German-Hebrew dictionary (ib. 1904).

          
Paragraph 2    , ...
          
Reference
Description
   BE mem 650; EJ; CD-EPI 0111770
        
Associated Images
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Listing Classification
Period
19th Century:    Checked
  
Location
Russia-Poland:    Checked
  
Subject
Other:    Ethics
  
Characteristic
First Editions:    Checked
Language:    Hebrew
  
Manuscript Type
  
Kind of Judaica