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Bidding Information
Lot #    14957
Auction End Date    7/18/2006 10:17:30 AM (mm/dd/yyyy)
Title Information
Title (English)    Hebraisdhe Grammatik
Author    [Only Ed.] Israel Michel Rabbinowicz
City    Gruenberg
Publisher    Levysohn
Publication Date    1851
Collection Information
Independent Item    This listing is an independent item not part of any collection
Description Information
   Only edition. XIV, 282 pp., 192:126 mm., wide margins, light age staining, stamps, plates. A very good copy not bound.
Paragraph 1    First book with Hebrew type printed in this city.
   Israel Michel Rabbinowicz (18181893), writer and scholar. Born in Gorodets, Lithuania, Rabbinowicz, whose father was rabbi in Gorodets and from 1828 in Antopol, received a traditional education. His brother, Joshua Jacob, also rabbi in Gorodets, was the author of several talmudic works. At the yeshiva in Brest-Litovsk Rabbinowicz began his study of the philosophers, especially Maimonides. Deciding to widen his field of study, he learned German in Brody and Greek and Latin (with D. Chwolson) in Breslau, where he subsequently entered the university as a student of philology. In 1851 he published a Hebrew grammar, Hebraeische Grammatik nach neuen, sehr vereinfachten Regeln und Grundsaetzen, followed by Hebraeische Schulgrammatik... in 1853 (French translation by J. J. Clement-Mullet, 1862 ), selling the books himself in order to earn a living. Later he took up medicine and in 1854 went to Paris, where he continued his studies in hospitals until 1865. In that year he obtained his M.D. with his Etudes historiques de l'empoisonnement, which consisted in the main of a translation of Maimonides' "Treatise on Poisons." However, he rarely practiced medicine, preferring to devote himself, in solitude and poverty, to scholarship. Too poor to heat his room, he wrote his books in a cafM. As well as extending his grammatical methods to other languages (Nouveaux principes comparMs de la prononciation Anglaise..., 1874; Vergleichende Grammatik der polnischen Sprache, 1877; Grammaire de la langue franLaise d'aprIs de nouveaux principes... 1886, 18892), he defended Jewish tradition against its detractors, publishing Le rZle de JMsus et des apZtres (1866), a critique of Renan; La religion nationale des anciens HMbreux (1873), a criticism of Jules Soury; and Histoire Sainte: Ancien Testament (1877). However his main work was his condensed translation, with commentary, of talmudic legislation, La lMgislation criminelle du Thalmud (1876) and La lMgislation civile du Thalmud (15, 187780). A Zionist from the early days of the movement, he took part in the Kattowitz Conference of 1884 and presided over the Benei Zion of Paris. He went to Russia in 1889 with the intention of trying to have his books republished, and subsequently lived in London, where he was assisted until his death by Chief Rabbi N. M. Adler and other benefactors.
   Rosenfeld 676; EJ
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Listing Classification
19th Century:    Checked
Germany:    Checked
Other:    Grammar
First Editions:    Checked
Language:    German, Hebrew
Manuscript Type
Kind of Judaica