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Bidding Information
Lot #    14977
Auction End Date    7/18/2006 10:34:12 AM (mm/dd/yyyy)
          
Title Information
Title (English)    Ravyah
Title (Hebrew)    ספר ראבי'ה
Author    [First Ed.] R. Eliezer b. Joel ha-Levi
City    Berlin - Jerusalem
Publication Date    1912-38
          
Collection Information
Independent Item    This listing is an independent item not part of any collection
          
Description Information
Physical
Description
   First edition. Four volumes, 228:165 mm., usual light age staining, wide margins. Very good copies bound in contemporary boards, rubbed.
          
Detailed
Description
   R. Eliezer b. Joel ha-Levi of Bonn (Heb. acronym Ravyah; 1140–1225), rabbinic scholar in Germany. His maternal grandfather was R. Eliezer b. Nathan. R. Eliezer studied under his father R. Joel ha-Levi of Bonn, as well as under R. Judah he-Hasid, and R. Judah b. Kalonymus of Mainz. His brother R. Uri died a martyr's death in 1216; R. Eliezer's mourning for him was so great that his vision was impaired and he was compelled to dictate his novellae to his students, among them R. Isaac b. Moses, the Or Zaru'a. In the course of his long life, R. Eliezer wandered from place to place: Bonn, Worms, Wuerzburg, Mainz, Metz, Cologne, Regensburg, and, apparently, through France and Lombardy. He refused to accept rabbinical office so as “neither to be glorified by, nor benefit from, the Torah” (Ravyah, no. 396) until he was robbed of his fortune. At his father's request, he accepted the rabbinate of Cologne in 1200. The status he then attained as spiritual leader and halakhic expert bore out the prophecy of R. Eliezer of Metz, “Honor will pursue you, and you will merit a lofty seat on high” (ibid.). In 1220 he participated in the communal synod at Mainz and was among the signatories of the enactments passed there. Nothing further is known of him after this date.

His major work, Ravyah, also called Avi ha-Ezri (“My Father is my Help”), is a compendium of articles that developed into a book. It contains halakhot and legal decisions according to the order of the tractates in the Talmud as well as research on halakhic subjects which he calls “responsa.” Among these “responsa” are some genuine responsa written by him and his father to contemporary scholars. They are written in simple, lucid language, and are generally prefaced by rhymed introductions. In 1885 H. N. Dembitzer published tractate Berakhot with the relevant responsa from a manuscript of Ravyah to which he added his own notes, Livyat Hen. V. Aptowitzer continued the task in a critical edition (published by Mekize Nirdamim, Berlin, 1913; Jerusalem, 1935) up to section 893. He later published addenda and corrigenda (1936) and an introduction (1938). She'ar Yashuv Cohen and E. Prisman revised Aptowitzer's editions in three volumes (Jerusalem, 1965) and added a fourth volume covering sections 894–919. R. Eliezer also wrote Mishpetei Ketubbah, to which Seder Binyan Bayit Sheni (“The Order of the Construction of the Second Temple”) is an appendix. R. Yom Tov Lipmann Heller quotes it 15 times in his commentary on tractate Middot. Early authorities mention his Avi'asaf, a commentary on the orders Nashim and Nezikin, in addition to other material not included in Ravyah, which was seen by R. H. J. D. Azulai. He apparently also composed tosafot on various tractates; likkutim, consisting of explanations of passages of the Pentateuch; and six piyyutim. Although his chief purpose was the determination of the halakhah, R. Eliezer's approach to textual clarification and to the basic sources (Babylonian and Jerusalem Talmuds; rishonim) is reminiscent of the approach of the tosafists. His works were considered basic in halakhic literature until the publication of the Shulhan Arukh. The great codifiers relied heavily upon him and R. Eliezer of Metz called him “the pillar of decision and the foundation of halakhah.” He was also famous for his piety and for his ethical teaching, his contemporaries referring to him as “one who by his exhortations brought about repentance” (Ravyah, no. 922 in Ms.).

          
Paragraph 2    כולל פסקי דינים חדושים ושו"ת לכל הש"ס, חברו רבינו אליעזר ברבי יואל הלוי זצ"ל. יוצא לאור עפ"י כתבי יד עם הגהות ובאורים ומבוא מאת אביגדור אפטוביצר, מורה בבית מדרש הרבנים בווינא ... [4 כרכים]: מבוא, חלק א-ב, הוספות ותקונים.

(ספרים היוצאים לאור על ידי חברת מקיצי נרדמים, שנה ד-יא, תרע"ג-תרפ"ט; שנה ב-ה, תרצ"ה-תרצ"ח, לחידוש פעולת החברה והעברתה לא"י). Added t-p.: Introductio ad Sefer Rabiah. Auctore ... V. Aptowizer ... מהדורת אפטוביצר מגעת עד סוף סדר מועד (סי' תתצג). חלקים נוספים של החיבור יצאו לאור בשנים תשכ"ה-תשמ"ט על ידי א' פריסמן, ש"י כהן וד' דבליצקי.

[כרך 1]: חלק א. הופיע בשתי חוברות, ברלין תרע"ג - תרע"ד (1913 - 1912). [כרך 1]: חוברת א: שער-מעטפת: ספר ראבי"ה ... חלק ראשון, חוברת ראשונה. דפוס צבי הירש איטצקאווסקי, תרע"ג (1912). [2], 320 עמ'. [כרך 1]: חוברת ב: שער מעטפת: חלק ראשון, חוברת שניה ... דפוס צבי הירש איטצקאווסקי, תרע"ד (1913). ,321-468 עמ'. [כרך 2]: חלק ב. הופיע בארבע חוברות, ברלין-ירושלים תרע"ד-תרצ"ה (1935-1913). [כרך 2]: חוברת א: שער-מעטפת: חלק שני, חוברת ראשונה ... ברלין, דפוס צבי הירש איטצקאווסקי, תרע"ד (1913). [2], 80 עמ'. [כרך 2]: חוברת ב: ברלין, דפוס צבי הירש איטצקאווסקי, תרפ"ו 340-81 עמ'. [כרך 2]: חוברת ג: ברלין, דפוס צבי הירש איטצקאווסקי, תרפ"ט (1929). [341]-490 עמ'. [כרך 2]: חוברת ד: ירושלם, (דפוס הספר), תרצ"ה. [491]-689 עמ'. [כרך 3]: הוספות ותקונים לספר ראבי"ה חלק ראשון ושני מאת אביגדור אפטוביצר ... ירושלם, (דפוס מרכז, תרצ"ו) 1936. [4], 196 עמ'. [כרך 4]: מבוא לספר ראבי"ה, מאת אביגדור אפטוביצר. ירושלם, (דפוס "מרכז"), תפרי"ח [תרצ"ח]. יב, 484 עמ'. [כרך 4]: שער נוסף: Introductio ad Sefer Rabiah. Auctore ... V. Aptowitzer

          
Reference
Description
   CD-EPI 0120670; EJ; JE
        
Associated Images
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Listing Classification
Period
20th Century:    Checked
  
Location
Germany:    Checked
Israel:    Checked
  
Subject
Halacha:    Checked
  
Characteristic
First Editions:    Checked
Language:    Hebrew
  
Manuscript Type
  
Kind of Judaica