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Appointing community emissaries to government
כתב שליחות בעד 'טולראנץ'
[Ms. - Community]
This listing is an independent item not part of any collection
 p., 248:194 mm., light age staining, ink on paper, neat Ashkenazic script, signed and dated.
Document appointing two members of the community to represent them before the goverernment authorities on the tax bill (toleranz tax). The taxes were a result of the Toleranzpatent, edict of tolerance issued by Emperor Joseph II on Jan. 2, 1782. It was one of a series of patents granted to the major, non-Catholic denominations of the Empire, guaranteeing existing rights and obligations and laying down additional ones. The final version was less liberal than Joseph II's original drafts. The Toleranzpatent confirmed existing restrictions against any increase in the number of tolerated Jews; however, they were encouraged to engage in large-scale business, to set up factories, and to learn trades (although becoming a master craftsman remained prohibited); to establish schools and attend universities. Upper-class Jews were encouraged to integrate socially. The concluding article exhorted the Jews to be thankful and not to misuse their privileges, particularly not to offend Christianity in public, an offense which would result in expulsion. At the same time insult or violence done to a Jew would be punished.
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Kind of Judaica