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Bidding Information
Lot #    15366
Auction End Date    9/5/2006 10:03:30 AM (mm/dd/yyyy)
Title Information
Title (English)    Sefer ha-Arukh
Title (Hebrew)    ספר הערוך
Author    [First Ed.] R. Nathan b. Jehiel of Rome
City    Venice
Publisher    Elviso Bragadini
Publication Date    1553
Collection Information
Independent Item    This listing is an independent item not part of any collection
Description Information
   First edition of reference notations. 166 ff., 293:191 mm., wide margins, usual light age staining, old hands, title repaired. A good copy bound in modern half leather boards.
   Arukh with reference notations by R. Smauel Archevolti. R. Nathan b. Jehiel of Rome (1035–c. 1110), Italian lexicographer, also called Ba'al he-Arukh ("the author of the Arukh") after the title of his lexicon. Few biographical details are known of him. Some state that he belonged to the De Pomis or Delli Mansi family, but the view is widespread that he actually belonged to the famous Anau (Anav) family. He was taught in his youth by his father, a paytan and the head of the yeshivah of Rome, and may as a young man have studied in Sicily under R. Mazli'ah b. Elijah ibn al-Bazak, a pupil of R. Hai Gaon. However, there is reason to believe that the scanty references to Mazli'ah's name in Nathan's work are the addenda of an earlier copyist named Mevorakh, some of whose marginal notes, in which he also mentions that he was Al-Bazak's pupil, were later incorporated in the text of the Arukh. R. Nathan also studied under R. Moses ha-Darshan of Narbonne, as well as, in the view of some scholars, under R. Moses Kalfo of Bari and R. Moses of Pavia. When his father died immediately after Nathan's return to Rome about 1070, he and his two brothers Daniel and Abraham succeeded him as the heads of the yeshivah of Rome. With them he wrote responsa to halakhic questions addressed to him by various scholars, among whom was a R. Solomon Yizhaki, identified by some as Rashi. Noted for his charitable acts, Nathan built a magnificent synagogue and a ritual bathhouse for his community. It was while serving as head of the Rome yeshivah that he wrote his classical work (which he completed in 1101) the Arukh, a lexicon of the Talmud and the Midrashim, containing all the talmudic terms in need of explanation; in the course of time various additions were made to it (see below). At the end of the Arukh there is a poem written in particularly difficult language and therefore of somewhat obscure meaning; in it the poet, lamenting his bitter lot, tells of the death of four out of his five sons during his lifetime.
Paragraph 2    ... ונוסף בזה על הנדפסי' מאז המורה מקום... דפי התלמוד ובאיזו מסכתא... מסודר ע"י... רבי שמואל בן... ר' אלחנן יעקב בן הארקוולטי ... שנת חמשת אלפים וארבע [צ"ל: ושלש] מאות ושלש עשרה

בסוף הספר: דברי-סיום מאת ר' שמואל ארקוולטי. מראיהמקום של ארקוולטי נדפסו בכל ההוצאות הבאות. עיין: קאהוט, הערוך השלם, חלק א, עמ' LV.

   CD-EPI 0152823; EJ
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Listing Classification
16th Century:    Checked
Italy:    Checked
Dictionaries & Encyclopedias:    Checked
First Editions:    Checked
Language:    Hebrew
Manuscript Type
Kind of Judaica