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Bidding Information
Lot #    15393
Auction End Date    9/5/2006 10:17:00 AM (mm/dd/yyyy)
Title Information
Title (English)    Hibbat Yerushulaim
Title (Hebrew)    חבת ירושלם
Author    [First Ed.] R. Hayyim b. Dov ha-Levi Horowitz
City    Jerusalem
Publisher    Israel b. Abraham Bak
Publication Date    1844
Collection Information
Independent Item    This listing is an independent item not part of any collection
Description Information
   First edition. [2], 60 ff., 202:144 mm., wide margins, light age and damp staining, old hands. A very good copy bound in contemporary boards, rubbed.
   The beauty of Erez Israel as related in traditional and kabbalistic writings. The Author writes of his visit to the Holy Land and his findings. He identifies many gravesites of past notables and other historic places.

Israel b. Abraham Bak (1797–1874) was born in Berdichev, Ukraine, into a family of printers. Later he owned a Jewish press in Berdichev, printing about 30 books between 1815 and 1821 when the press closed down. In 1831, after various unsuccessful efforts to reopen the works, he emigrated to Palestine and settled in Safed. There he renewed the tradition of printing Hebrew works, which had come to an end in the last third of the 17th century. During the peasant revolt against Muhammad Ali in 1834 his printing press was destroyed and he was wounded. Later he reopened his press, and also began to work the land on Mount Yarmak (Meron), overlooking Safed. His was the first Jewish farm in Erez Israel in modern times. After the Safed earthquake in 1837 and the Druze revolt in 1838, during which his farm and printing press were destroyed, he moved to Jerusalem. In 1841 he established the first - and for 22 years, the only - Jewish printing press in Jerusalem. One hundred and thirty books were printed on it, making it an important cultural factor in Jerusalem. Bak also published and edited the second Hebrew newspaper in Erez Israel, Havazzelet (1863). After a short time its publication stopped and was renewed only in 1870 by his son-in-law I. D. Frumkin and others. Israel Bak was a leader of the hasidic community; as a result of his efforts and those of his son Nisan, a central synagogue for the Hasidim, called Tiferet Israel (after R. Israel of Ruzhin), came into being. In Jerusalem it was also known as "Nisan Bak's synagogue." It was destroyed in 1948 during the War of Independence.

Paragraph 2    ... להשביע מלא כף נחת ... מטוב הארץ וירושלם ... ואסף ... מפי סופרים וספרים (חיים באאמו"ר ... דוב בערש הלוי הורוויץ) ... מתוך הקדמת המחבר: "ביום א דר"ח אלול שנת ג"ר אנכ"י באר"ץ [תקע"ז] באנו לתוך עכו בהלל והודות לה' על הניסים ... שעשה עמנו ... והביאנו ... לארצינו .. ומאת ה' היתה זאת שנכנס חמודא דא"י בלבאי לבא ... לבאר פרטי ערי ק' וכפרים. ושכונת כל הקברים ... ופרשת גדולת אה"ק ... הן מה שזיכני הש"י וראיתי עין בעין והן מה שיגעתי ומצאתי ... בספרי' ... וחלקתיו לעשרה מאמרות".

הסכמות: ר' חיים אברהם גאגין, ירושלים, טו אב תר"ד; ר' יעקב ענתבי, דמשק, ז מנחם[-אב] תר"ד.

   Halevy, Jerusalem Imprints 23; CD-EPI 0119673
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Listing Classification
19th Century:    Checked
Israel:    Checked
History:    Checked
First Editions:    Checked
Language:    Hebrew
Manuscript Type
Kind of Judaica