[Book List]  

PLEASE NOTE: All bidding for the auction currently underway
at our new website at www.virtualjudaica.com/

Bidding Information
Lot #    15427
Auction End Date    9/5/2006 10:34:00 AM (mm/dd/yyyy)
Title Information
Title (English)    Appointing community emissaries to government
Author    [Ms. - Community]
City    Apostag, Hungary
Publication Date    1788
Collection Information
Independent Item    This listing is an independent item not part of any collection
Description Information
   [1] p., 350:219 mm., light age staining, ink on paper, neat Ashkenazic script, signed, and dated.
   Document appointing two members of the community to represent them before the goverernment authorities on the tax bill (toleranz tax). The taxes were a result of the Toleranzpatent, edict of tolerance issued by Emperor Joseph II on Jan. 2, 1782. It was one of a series of patents granted to the major, non-Catholic denominations of the Empire, guaranteeing existing rights and obligations and laying down additional ones. The final version was less liberal than Joseph II's original drafts. The Toleranzpatent confirmed existing restrictions against any increase in the number of tolerated Jews; however, they were encouraged to engage in large-scale business, to set up factories, and to learn trades (although becoming a master craftsman remained prohibited); to establish schools and attend universities. Upper-class Jews were encouraged to integrate socially. The concluding article exhorted the Jews to be thankful and not to misuse their privileges, particularly not to offend Christianity in public, an offense which would result in expulsion. At the same time insult or violence done to a Jew would be punished.
Associated Images
1 Image (Click thumbnail to view full size image):
  Order   Image   Caption
  1   Click to view full size  
Listing Classification
18th Century:    Checked
Other:    Hungary
History:    Checked
Language:    Hebrew
Manuscript Type
Letters:    Checked
Kind of Judaica