||Rare broadside in Italian with the heading of the French Revolution, Liberta, Eguaglianza and below it in large letters the word AVVISO (warning). The broadside states that the meeting of the la unione della Nazione Ebre per l'organazione della Guardia Civica (Hebrew National Guard) for the following morning is suspended. It is dated 9 Brumaire Anno V, della Repubblica Francesa (30 Octobre 1796) reflecting the new calendar adopted after the French Revolution.
Modena, in north central Italy, was occupied by the French in 1796. In that year, Napoleon, who had invaded Italy, defeated the Austrians at the Bridge of Lodi and chased the Este Duke out of Modena. He established a democratic regime and incorporated the city into the Cisalpine Republic, formally abolishing restrictions on the Jews in effect until that time, declaring in a proclamation that “every manis born and remains free, and should enjoy all rights. The Jews are citizens , and must be recognized in society.” Although Jewish participation in society was invited, they declined them honor of serving in the new National Guard and too actively taking advantage of their new privileges, fearful of possible repercussions. Subsequent events proved that their hesitation was well justified when the old order was temporarily restored. In Modena, for example, the Jews were subject to enormous fines for purchasing Church property. The ant-Jewish song Gnora Luna was made into a play and staged in Ferrara and Modena in 1799.