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Bidding Information
Lot #    15618
Auction End Date    9/5/2006 12:09:00 PM (mm/dd/yyyy)
          
Title Information
Title (English)    Mekor Hasid
Title (Hebrew)    מקור חסד
Author    R. Judah ben Samuel He-Hasid
City    Lvov (Lemberg)
Publisher    R. Margulies
Publication Date    1928
          
Collection Information
Independent Item    This listing is an independent item not part of any collection
          
Description Information
Physical
Description
   11, [1], 6-41, [5] pp. octavo 226:155 mm., wide margins, light age staining. A good copy not bound.
          
Detailed
Description
   Renowned testament of R. Judah ben Samuel He-Hasid, Zavva'at Rabbi Yehudah he-Hasid, with the commentaries of R. Abraham David of Butschowitz and R. Shalom Mordecai ha-Kohen and published by R. Reuben Margulies. Zavva'at Rabbi Yehudah he-Hasid (The Will of Rabbi Judah the Pious) is dedicated to R. Margulies’s late sister Hannah. The text of Zavva'at is preceded by a biographical introduction about R. Judah he-Hasid, Kol Yehudah by R. Israel Wallpesburg, and then the testimony of R. Judah he-Hasid. The Zavva'at is in the center of the page in square letters with the commentaries around it on the sides. At the end of the volume is additional azharot rabbenu Yehudah he-Hasid, and reviews and descriptions of additional titles that are available.

R. Judah ben Samuel He-Hasid of Regensburg (c. 1150–1217) was the primary teacher of the Hasidei Ashkenaz movement. He was one of the most prominent scholars of the Middle Ages in the fields of ethics and theology; he probably lived some time in Speyer, and then moved to Regensburg (he was sometimes called "Rabbi Judah of Regensburg"). Very little of his life is known from contemporary sources. However, many legends about his life dating from 15th- and 16th-century sources have survived. In them, he is described as a mystic (whereas his brother R. Abraham is described as the scholar of halakhah) who performed many miracles in order to save the Jews from the gentiles. Judah taught and practiced extreme humility. He even forbade an author to sign a book he wrote, because his sons might take pride in their father's fame. This seems to be the reason why his works were circulated as anonymous works. Even his pupils did not quote his works by name; R. Abraham b. Azriel, the author of Arugat ha-Bosem, used the title (Re'ah Bosem Niho'ah) when he quoted him, an appellation which hints at his name by the use of notarikon and gematria. His descendants helped propagate his teachings. His son Moses wrote a commentary on the Pentateuch; his grandson R. Eleazar b. Moses ha-Darshan wrote works in esoteric theology, and his great-grandson, Moses b. Eleazar, who was a kabbalist, tried to harmonize Ashkenazi-hasidic teaching with the Kabbalah. However, his most prominent pupil, whose writings popularized Judah's teachings among the Jews in Germany and elsewhere, was R. Eleazar b. Judah of Worms. Even though R. Judah did not write in the field of halakhah and ritual practice, many later Ashkenazi writers depended on his teachings and practices in their works. Most of Judah's writings in esoteric theology have not survived. His major work was probably Sefer ha-Kavod ("Book of Divine Glory"), of which only quotations in later works have survived. He also wrote a voluminous commentary on the prayers, of which only a small part is known today. Besides these major works, a few small ones have survived: Sod ha-Yihud ("The Secret of God's Unity"); exegesis of a few piyyutim; and some short magical treatises. Because he did not sign his writings, some works by others have been attributed to him, e.g., Eleazar of Worms' Sefer ha-Hokhmah. In ethics, his main work was his contribution to the Sefer Hasidim, of which he was the principal author. Eleazar edited a short treatise on teshuvah ("repentance") which Judah wrote, and a short collection of ethical and magical paragraphs was published as Zavva'at Rabbi Yehudah he-Hasid ("The Will of Rabbi Judah the Pious," Cracow, 1891).

          
Paragraph 2    צוואת רבנו יהודה ההסיד עם מילי דחסידותא מהגאורן... רבנו אברהם דוד [ווארמאן] זצ"ל מבוטשאטש... הגהות מהרש"מ מהגאון... רבנו שלום מרדכי הכהן [שוואדראן] זצ"ל מבערזאן... ונלוו להם הגהות והערות לברר שיטת רבנו... וציונים לשאלות ותשובות ופוסקים... המביאים אזהרותיו להלכה. עם תולדות רבנו וקורות ספריו ממני... ראובן מרגליות מלבוב. הוצאה שניה עם הרבה הוספות...

עמ' 41-40: וילקט יוסף מהרה"ג... ר' יוסף הכהן שווארץ שליט"א. ההוצאה הראשונה נדפסה בספר חסידים, לבוב [תרפ"ד]. עד אמצע עמ' 25 ד"ס מהוצאה זו.

          
Reference
Description
   BE mem 3454; EJ; CD-EPI 0138745
        
Associated Images
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Listing Classification
Period
20th Century:    Checked
  
Location
Russia-Poland:    Checked
  
Subject
Other:    Will
  
Characteristic
Language:    Hebrew
  
Manuscript Type
  
Kind of Judaica