||Aramäisch-Neuhebräisches Wörterb. zu Targum, Talmud, und Midrasch, bound with:
Lexikon der Abbreviaturen gesammelt von G.H. Haendler.
Gustaf Hermann Dalman (formerly G. A. Marx; 1855–1941), German Protestant theologian, philologist, and Palestinologist. In his youth Dalman was closely associated with the Missionary Church Brotherhood at Herrnhut and spent his last days with them. From 1895 he was a professor at the Institutum Judaicum in Leipzig. He was the director of the German Evangelical Institute for Antiquity in Jerusalem from 1902 to 1917 where he contributed a number of important papers and subsequently served as professor and head of the Institute of Palestinology in Greifswald. Dalman was a prolific writer in many fields including: Theology: Der leidende und sterbende Messias (1888); Jesaja 53 (1914); Worte Jesu (1930); Studies of Palestinian Aramaic (in which he included the Aramaic of Targum Onkelos): Grammatik des juedisch-palaestinischen Aramaeisch (1905); Aramaeische Dialektproben (1927); Aramaeisch-neuhebraeisches Woerterbuch (1922); Historical geography and topography of Erez Israel: Petra (1901); Neue Petraforschungen (1912); Orte und Wege Jesu (1924; Sacred Sites and Ways, 1935), a study which also treats the talmudic sources on the sites where Jesus lived and taught; Hundert Fliegerbilder aus Palaestina (1925); Jerusalem und sein Gelaende (1930), a comprehensive study of the Holy City, its terrain, names of sites, antiquities, topographic identifications, and descriptions of the contemporary Jerusalem community; Palestinian folklore: Palaestinensischer Diwan (1901), a collection of Arabic folksongs from Palestine, Transjordan, and Syria; Arbeit und Sitte in Palaestina (7 vols., 1928–42; repr. 1964), dealing with all aspects of the Arab economy of Palestine, its terminology, and customs with continual references to the Bible and Talmud. Dalman's autobiography was published in 1928. Dalman had a profound knowledge of Jewish sources, especially the Mishnah and Talmud, and although always writing from a Christian angle, he evinced a sincere sympathy with traditional Judaism.