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Bidding Information
Lot #    17023
Auction End Date    1/23/2007 12:11:00 PM (mm/dd/yyyy)
Title Information
Title (English)    Two letters by R. Elijah Rosentahl-Mor
Title (Hebrew)    כתב מה'ר אלי' מאהר
Author    [Ms. - Community - Polemic]
City    Pest (Budapest)
Publication Date    1817
Collection Information
Independent Item    This listing is an independent item not part of any collection
Description Information
   Two letters each: [1] p., 235:196 mm., light age staining, creased on folds, ink on paper, neat Ashkenazic script, signed and dated.
   Two letters by R. Elijah Rosentahl-Mor addressed to his friend R. Mordecai Hirsh [Pest?] complaining of a negative response he recived to a proposal for his government intervention from R. Moses Sofer, the Hatam Sofer. He states that he has received the approval of R. Moses Mintz, rabbi of Pest, and is awaiting the letter of R. Mordeci Benet with his opinion. The letters are dated three days apart, Sunday and Wednesday of Elul [5]577.

R. Elijah b. Naphtali Rosentahl-Mor (1758–1833) was a businessman, community representative to the government, and bibliophile. Between the ages of 13 and 18 he studied at the yeshivah of Pressburg (Bratislava) and became an accomplished talmudic scholar. From 1785 he lived in Komarom (Komarno), Hungary, where he kept an inn. His fellow-citizens wanted to give him the freedom of the town in recognition of his charitable acts and public service, but the authorities would not confirm this. Moving to Pest, he opened a shop for Hebrew books and stationery in 1804. He himself was a book collector and his library was praised. Following the French Revolution (1789), he became active in the struggle for Jewish civil rights, remembering his own humiliating experience in Komarom. He wrote various memoranda and petitions in pursuit of this aim.

R. Elijah's father, R. Naphtali Rosentahl-Mor (1727–1798), was a Hungarian talmudist, founder of the Jewish community of Mor. After staying in Prague, he later settled in Mor, where his house became a center of learning, hospitality, and traditional Judaism. An atmosphere of religious study permeated his household: even his wife was acquainted with biblical and talmudic passages in the original. His son-in-law, F. Gomperz, assisted him in the management of the yeshivah of Mor. Rosenthal's public activities were not confined to his own community: he was also the spokesman of the whole of Hungarian Jewry at the court of Vienna under Joseph II and the two subsequent monarchs.

   Ishim be-Tshuvot Hatam Sofer # 66; EJ
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Listing Classification
19th Century:    Checked
Other:    Hungary
History:    Checked
Language:    Judeo-German, Hebrew
Manuscript Type
Letters:    Checked
Kind of Judaica