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Bidding Information
Lot #    17024
Auction End Date    1/23/2007 12:11:30 PM (mm/dd/yyyy)
          
Title Information
Title (English)    Appointing community emissaries to government
Title (Hebrew)    כתב שליחות בעד 'טולראנץ'
Author    [Ms. - Community]
City    Aszod, Hungary
Publication Date    1810
          
Collection Information
Independent Item    This listing is an independent item not part of any collection
          
Description Information
Physical
Description
   [1] p., 232:195 mm., light age staining, ink on paper, neat Ashkenazic script, signed and dated.
          
Detailed
Description
   Letter to the community leaders of Pest, requesting that they house and care for the members of the Aszod community delegation appointed to represent them before the goverernment authorities on the tax bill (toleranz tax). The taxes were a result of the Toleranzpatent, edict of tolerance issued by Emperor Joseph II on Jan. 2, 1782. It was one of a series of patents granted to the major, non-Catholic denominations of the Empire, guaranteeing existing rights and obligations and laying down additional ones. The final version was less liberal than Joseph II's original drafts. The Toleranzpatent confirmed existing restrictions against any increase in the number of tolerated Jews; however, they were encouraged to engage in large-scale business, to set up factories, and to learn trades (although becoming a master craftsman remained prohibited); to establish schools and attend universities. Upper-class Jews were encouraged to integrate socially. The concluding article exhorted the Jews to be thankful and not to misuse their privileges, particularly not to offend Christianity in public, an offense which would result in expulsion. At the same time insult or violence done to a Jew would be punished.
          
Reference
Description
   EJ
        
Associated Images
1 Image (Click thumbnail to view full size image):
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Listing Classification
Period
19th Century:    Checked
  
Location
Other:    Hungary
  
Subject
History:    Checked
  
Characteristic
Language:    Judeo-German
  
Manuscript Type
Letters:    Checked
  
Kind of Judaica