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Bidding Information
Lot #    17084
Auction End Date    1/23/2007 12:41:30 PM (mm/dd/yyyy)
Title Information
Title (English)    Sabuoth-Beszéd
Author    [Only Ed.] R. Dr. Gyula Fischer
City    Budapest (Pest)
Publisher    Márkus Samunái
Publication Date    1884
Collection Information
Independent Item    This listing is an independent item not part of any collection
Description Information
   Only edition. 11 pp., 214:138 mm., wide margins, light age staining. A very good copy bound as issued.
   The text of a sermon delivered on the first day of Shavuot in 1884. The text is in Hungarian, with occasional words and phrases in Hebrew.

The Dohany was a Synagogue with a concept, to show that Judaism was a modern religion. With this in mind, the Dohany was built to be loud and proud. The Synagogue that they built, therefore, is the largest Synagogue in Europe and the second largest Synagogue in the world. The Nealogues were a prospering people, who were primarily Hungarian, and thought of Judaism as their religion and not their nationality.

The opening ceremony of the Synagogue took place in September 1857. Once everyone was seated, the doors were flung open, and children ran in holding torches and throwing flowers. During his address, the Chief Rabbi thanked G-d, Hungary and the Emperor. The building itself is very trendy, with a Moorish style (including lots of onion domes), 3 naves, an electric Parochet, two Ezrot Nashim, no bimah, a choir and an organ. In fact, the organ is so big that the technology to use all of its pipes was only developed in 1932, 75 years after its consecration. Incidentally, the organ was only ever played by a non-Jew, so that Shabbat was not being broken.

The Synagogue has two pulpits because in 1867, the Jews were given two seats in Parliament, one for the Orthodox community and one for the Nealogues. There were two candidates for the Nealogue seat, Dr. Emmanuel Low, the Rabbi of the Nealogue Synagogue in Szeged and Dr. Simon Hesevi, one of the two Rabbis of the Dohany. Low was eventually elected, which made Hesevi very unhappy. Hesevi was the one of the two Rabbis of the Dohany, along with Rabbi Dr. Gyula Fisher. Hesevi was mollified by the community after his loss of a seat in parliament by being promoted to leading Rabbi of the Dohany. This angered Fisher, who refused to share a pulpit with him, so a second pulpit was built.

In 1876, on the death of Count Széchenyi, a large memorial was held in the Dohany. In 1896, a celebration was held in the Dohany on the 1000th anniversary of the arrival in Hungary of the Magyars. Similarly a memorial was held on the death of Lajos Kossuth, all to show just how Hungarian the community was. It is a matter of note that no commemoration was held the year before to celebrate the 1000th anniversary of Jews coming to Hungary.

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Listing Classification
19th Century:    Checked
Other:    Hungary
Homiletics:    Checked
First Editions:    Checked
Language:    Hungarian, some Hebrew
Manuscript Type
Kind of Judaica