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Bidding Information
Lot #    17142
Auction End Date    1/23/2007 1:10:00 PM (mm/dd/yyyy)
          
Title Information
Title (English)    Brass Washing Cup
City    America
Publication Date    c. 1930
          
Collection Information
Independent Item    This listing is an independent item not part of any collection
          
Description Information
Physical
Description
   138 mm. high, brass, with two handles.
          
Detailed
Description
   American made washing cup used by Jews on numerous ocassions. Netilat Yadayim - washing of the hands is mandatory in the following instances: upon rising from sleep; after the excretion of bodily wastes; after the paring of nails; after the removal of shoes; after the combing of hair or touching parts of the body that are usually covered; after leaving a cemetery or participating in a funeral; after sexual intercourse; before prayer and the recitation of the Shema; before eating bread; before reciting Grace; before eating the parsley at the Passover seder; the levites wash the hands of the kohanim before the Priestly Blessing.

In all these instances the hands must be washed at least up to the third joint of the fingers, i.e., the junction of the phalanges and the metacarpus. Nevertheless, the rabbis considered it preferable to wash up to the wrist (Sh. Ar., OH 161:4). However, when washing before Grace, it is sufficient to wash only up to the second joint of the fingers (Sh. Ar., OH 181:4). A minimum of 1/4 log (approx. 1/2 pint) of water is poured over the hands from a utensil with a wide mouth, the lip of which must be undamaged (Sh. Ar., OH 159:1, 3; 160:13). The hands must be clean without anything adhering to them prior to the ritual washing, and no foreign object such as a ring may intervene between them and the water (Sh. Ar., OH 161:13). Upon rising from sleep, each hand must be washed three times (Sh. Ar., OH 4:2), but before partaking of bread, it is sufficient if they are washed once (Sh. Ar., OH 162:2). It is customary to hold the cup in the left hand and wash the right one first, and then to reverse the procedure (Mishnah Berurah to Sh. Ar., OH 158:1 n. 4). A benediction is only recited after washing the hands upon rising and before eating bread. Its text reads "... and commanded us concerning the washing of the hands." After rising, it is today recited as part of the preliminary Shaharit service, while before the meal it is recited prior to the drying of the hands (Sh. Ar., OH 158:1112).

          
Reference
Description
   EJ
        
Associated Images
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Listing Classification
Period
20th Century:    Checked
  
Location
America-South America:    Checked
  
Subject
  
Characteristic
  
Manuscript Type
  
Kind of Judaica
Religious Articles:    Checked