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Bidding Information
Lot #    17233
Auction End Date    3/13/2007 11:13:30 AM (mm/dd/yyyy)
Title Information
Title (English)    Selihot
Title (Hebrew)    סליחות
Author    [Liturgy]
City    Augsburg
Publisher    (Hayyim b. David Shahor)
Publication Date    1536
Collection Information
Independent Item    This listing is an independent item not part of any collection
Description Information
   7-107 of 117, [2] ff., 304:200 mm., candlewax drippings many ff., wide margins, usual age staining. Very rare prayerbook bound in modern cloth boards.
   This volume contains the order of Selichot (penitential prayers) as "was recited in Fano" with additions for the customs of Germany. Selihot are penitential prayers which are recited on all fast days, on occasions of special intercession and especially during the Penitential season which begins before Rosh Ha-Shanah and concludes with the Day of Atonement. There are a great number of different rites many individual communities, as distinct from countries evolving their own order of Selihot. Originally Selihot were recited only on fast days, both statutory and special, proclaimed in times of trouble. Their extension to what is at the present time the most widespread recital of Selihot, those of the Penitential days, derived from the custom of fasting on the six days before Rosh Ha-Shanah, when Selihot were said in connection with the fast, and the custom of saying Selihot was then extended over the Ten Days of Penitence (including the Day of Atonement, but not Rosh Ha-Shanah). The Sephardim follow the custom of reciting Selihot for the 40 days from Rosh Hodesh Elul to the Day of Atonement, but the Ashkenazi custom is to commence reciting them on the Sunday before Rosh Ha-Shanah or of the preceding week should Rosh Ha-Shanah fall on Monday or Tuesday. The Selihot for the first day are usually recited at midnight and thereafter before the morning service.

The Hebrew press in Augsburg was established in 1532 by Hayyim b. David Shahor, the wandering printer from Prague, together with his son Isaac and son-in-law Joseph b. Yakar who had learned printing in Venice. Between that year and 1540 nine books appeared including Rashi's Pentateuch commentary (1533), an illustrated Passover Haggadah (1534), Jacob b. Asher's Turim (1536), a Melokhim Buch, in Yiddish (1543), a mahzor, and a siddur.

Paragraph 2    (כמו שהיו נדפסים בארץ לועז [פאנו רס"ה])...

בלא שער. העמוד הראשון חלק. הסליחות מתחילות בעמוד ב בתוך מסגרת מצויירת בדמויות. קולופון (פעמיים: בדף קטו,ב, ובסוף): נדפסו ונשלמו הסליחות ביום ו ד ימים לחודש תמוז שנת ב'ר'י'ח' נ'י'ח'וח' [רצ"ו] א'ר'צ'ה' אתכם [רצ"ו] לפרט קטון באויגשפורג הבירה על ידי המחוקק חיים בר דוד ז"ל. דף קו, א: "נשלמו הסליחות כמו שהיו נדפסים בארץ לועז. ומכאן ואילך הם סליחות האומרים [!] בארץ אשכנז". למעלה ממחציתן של הסליחות הללו לא נדפסו בפראג רצ"ה. כולל רא סליחות. סליחה אחת, אחר סי' קנד, לא סומנה. קפא [צ"ל: קפב] סליחות על-פי פאנו רס"ה, בתוספת "סליחות... אשכנז" (סי' קפב-רא), עם מפתח לפי התחלותיהן ובסדר הדפסתן (א-רא). על השינויים בחרוזים שבגוף הסליחות וההבדלים שבין דפוס זה ודפוסי העדרנום ש"ו וויגיציאה ש"ח וסיבותיהם, עיין: מ' בניהו, סדר סליחות כמנהג האשכנזים, בתוך ספרו: הסכמה ורשות בדפוסי ויניציאה, ירושלים תשל"א, עמ' 189-181.

   Vinograd 9; Rosenfeld, Augsburg 45; CD-EPI 0174039
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Listing Classification
16th Century:    Checked
Germany:    Checked
Liturgy:    Checked
Language:    Hebrew
Manuscript Type
Kind of Judaica