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Bidding Information
Lot #    18326
Auction End Date    7/10/2007 10:00:30 AM (mm/dd/yyyy)
          
Title Information
Title (English)    Herem with 23 Important Signatures
Title (Hebrew)    חרם מ-23 גדולי התורה וירושלים
Author    [Ms. - Polemic - Unknown Letter]
City    Jerusalem
Publication Date    1875
Item of
Exceptional
Interest
   Checked
          
Collection Information
Independent Item    This listing is an independent item not part of any collection
          
Description Information
Physical
Description
   [2] pp., 263:208 mm., light age staining, creased and split on folds, small tear in lower margin affecting words, frayed, ink on blue paper, beautiful Rashi script, signed by 23 rabbis and dated.
          
Paragraph 1    Herem (ban) on the Bet Joseph ha-Hadash by R. Akiva Joseph Schlesinger signed by 23 rabbis, many of them students and disciples of the Hatam Sofer, with a full page letter by R. Simeon Deutsch on verso. R. Schleshinger had permitted the taking of a concubine which elicited several polemics - pro and con.
          
Detailed
Description
   Herem (ban) on the Bet Joseph ha-Hadash by R. Akiva Joseph Schlesinger signed by 23 rabbis with a full page letter, unknown to historians (including Halevy), by R. Simeon Deutsch on verso. R. Schleshinger had permitted the taking of a concubine which elicited several polemics - pro and con. R. Akiva Joseph Schlesinger (1837–1922), was born in Pressburg. R. Schlesinger was a graduate of Hungarian yeshivot and a student of Kabbalah. He was one of the spokesmen of the extreme religious elements of the Hatam Sofer school of thought, which advocated complete separation from the "enlightened" and "neologic" elements. In his book Lev Ivri ("Hebrew Heart," 1865), he sharply attacked the "meshannim" and "mithaddeshim" ("innovators" and "reformers"). In 1870 R. Schlesinger went to Erez Israel out of a conviction that the sole hope for religious Jewry lay in the establishment of a religious Jewish community in the Land of Israel.

Signed on the herem are:
R. Asher Anschel b. Samuel Moses Neiman (1800-1882) was born in Kopcseny, Hungary. He was appointed to the rabbinate in Weitzen at age 22 where he served for 30 years. He came to Erez Israel in 1862 as an emissary of the Hungarian Kollel. Only one small work of his many writings containing homiletics and novellae, Kerem Ben Sheman (Jerusalem c. 1910) was printed without title and not completed;
R. Mordecai Eliezer b. David Weber (1822-1892), rabbi of Ada. He was born in Petrovoselo, Hungary. He studies with the Ketav Sofer in Pressburg who ordained him. An erudite scholar and a colorful personality, he immigrated to Erez Israel in 1875, where he was involved in many polemic battles. He defended R. Hayyim Halberstam, the Admor of Zanz, against R. Solomon Ganzfried's attack in Milhemet Hova (Jerusalem 1882), followed by a retraction in 1890. ;
R. Nathan Joseph b. Jacob Goldberger (d. 1880) was originally from Liska (Olaszliszka) in Hungary. He resettled in Jerusalem where he was a dayyan and gabbai of the yeshiva Ez Hayyim. He wrote Zikkaron Zion ( Jerusalem 1872) which consist of a eulogy delivered on Monday, 15 Heshvan (October 30) for the administrator of the holy mount, R. Joseph Isaac Hirsch of Halberstadt; an ethical discourse on the obligation to strengthen ethical principles, the pillars of Torah, and avodat HaShem; the mizvah of rebuilding the destroyed places of Zion and the greatness of the reward for doing so; and novellae on the Torah;
R. Jacob Zvi b. Nahum Dov Neiman (1802-1889), studied under R. Moses Mintz. He was the son in law of R. Moses Mordecai Banet, served in the rabbinate of Waradis for 23 years before settling in Jerusalem in 1853;
R. Isaac b. Mordecai Oplatka of Prague (c.1820-1900) was born in Prague. He was a devoted student and disciple of the Hatam Sofer who asked him to emigrate to Erez Israel. He did so in 1838 and never left the Holy Land thereafter. He married the daughter of R. Barukh Ayash, grandson of the Rishon LeZion, R. Jacob Moses Ayash. R. Isaac, an erudite talmudic scholar wrote Peri Yitzhak (Jerusalem 1909) novellae to several Talmudic tractates, only a small part was published;
R. Moses b. Joseph Israel ha-Levi Novemesto (Hamburger) (d. 1888) was born in Nove Mesto, Hungary and studied with the Hatam Sofer in Pressburg. In 1857 he came to Jerusalem as an emissary of the Hatam Sofer and was a founder of the Hungarian Kollel;
R. Jonah Loeb b. Judah Mendelssohn-Loebel (1816-1886) was a student and disciple of the Hatam Sofer. A founder of the Hungarian Kollel and long time resident of Jerusalem - he spent his entire day in the study and observance of Torah. The Hatam Sofer supported him financially and is the subject of many inquires in the Hatam Sofer's correspondence to Jerusalem;
R. Meir Schoenbaum (d.1890) kabbalist, came to Jerusalem c. 1840. He was a founding member of Batei Mahseh and drowned in a water well he was attempting to repair to prevent the continual flooding of the yishuv. He apparently lingered in the well for three days before expiring. He wrote several work in kabbalah none were published;
R. Moses Nahum b. Meir Wallenstein (1841-1922) was born in Papa, Hungary and studied in the Yeshiva of the Ketav Sofer, who ordained him. After a short stay in the yeshiva of the Goren David he settled in Erez Israel in 1864. R. Wallenstein was the head of the Hungarian Kollel and a member of R. Joshua Leib Diskin's Bet Din;
R. Joseph Hayyim b. Abraham Solomon Sonnefeld (1849–1932), first rabbi of the separatist Orthodox community in Jerusalem. Born in Verbo (Slovakia), R. Sonnenfeld was orphaned at the age of four. As a child he studied both in a talmud torah and in a general school, but in his youth he decided to devote himself entirely to rabbinic study. After pursuing his studies in the yeshiva of his native town, in 1865 he went to Pressburg, where he lived in great poverty while studying in the yeshiva of R. Abraham Samuel Benjamin Sofer. In 1870 he received the title of honor Morenu from his teacher in a letter full of laudatory references to his great learning. The same year he went to Kobersdorf (Burgenland), where he became a pupil of A. Shag, who thought highly of him. In 1873 R. Sonnenfeld accompanied his teacher to Erez Israel and settled in the Old City of Jerusalem, and until the end of his life meticulously refrained from remaining outside the walls of the Old City for more than 30 days. He formed a close association with R. M. J. L. Diskin and was his right hand in his communal activities, such as the founding of the large orphanage and schools and the struggle against the secular schools. R. Sonnenfeld was one of the most active and influential personalities in the community centered in the Old City. He headed the Hungarian Kolel Shomerei ha-Homot ("the guardians of the walls"), founded the Battei Ungarn quarter, and helped in the establishment of other quarters in Jerusalem;
R. Abraham b. Judah Loen Shag Zwebner (1801-1876) was born in Galgoc, Hungary. A prominent Hungarian talmudist, he served in Kobersdorf and several other prestigious rabbinates before immigrating to Erez Israel in 1873. He wrote Ohel Abraham (Jerusalem 1881) responsa, Derushat ha-Rosh (Jerusalem 1904) homiletics. R. Zwebner adds four lines of text in the lower section of the page with signature;
R. Moses Nehemiah b. Meshulam Feivel Kahanov (1817-1887), was born in Kostiukovichi, Russia. After his marriage at the age of 15, he settled in Petrovice where at the age of 18 he was appointed assistant to the local rabbi. Some years later, he became rabbi of Khaslavich, a city noted for its scholars. In 1864 he set out for Jerusalem. On his arrival, after a journey of six months, he was appointed head of the Ez Hayyim yeshiva, the most important in Jerusalem, remaining in this position until his death. He is the author of ten (or more) scholarly works of novellae and homiletics;
R. Benjamin b. Samuel (1810-1892) was born in Novogrodok, White Russia and came to Jerusalem in 1872 where he was one of three members of the Bet Din Zedek of Jerusalem. His work, She'arit Binyamin (2 pts., Lyck-Jerusalem, 1863-75) contain novellae, discourses, and responsa and carry important approbations;
R. Jacob b. Moses Slutsky of Izabelin (d. 1887), one of three members of the Bet Din Zedek of Jerusalem. His tombstone states that he served as head of the Bet Din for 38 years and member of the Jerusalem Bet Din for 12 years;
R. Aaron Moses b. Benjamin Zev Wolf Baumgarten (c.1812-1877) was born in Krezmir, Moravia. he studied with R. Mordecai Benat and the Htam Sofer. He immigrated to Erez Israel in 1834 and settled in Safed where he married the daughter of R. Nathan ha-Levi Saphir of Vilna. He founded the yeshiva Ohel Moshe, named after is rebbe and mentor, and was a founding member of the Hungarian Kollel;
R. Jacob Judah Loeb b. Abraham Levi (1813-1889) was rabbi of Sleszyn and came to Jerusalem in 1844. A pious scholar, he devoted much time to kabbalah and related studies. His only known work is a commentary to Avot, Bet Avot (Warsaw 1872) which proves the author's breath of knowledge in Talmud and related disciplines. One of three members of the Bet Din Zedek of Jerusalem, all three members sign in their official capacity;
R. Isaac Izik Behm, talmudic scholar from Kruli in Hungary;
R. David Jolles, the son-in-law of R. Abraham b. Judah Loen Shag Zwebner;
R. Ber Zwebner, the son of R. Abraham b. Judah Loen Shag Zwebner;
R. Isaac Goldberger,
R. Shemaiah Joseph Ginzler,
R. Tobias Aryeh Goldberger, Dayyan at the Bet Din of the Hasidim under the leadership of the Gaon R. Shnuir Zalman, Rabbi of Lublin , founder of the Beth Din for Hasidim in 1892;
R. Simeon b. Abraham Aaron Deutsch (d. 1878) was born in Raudnitz, Bohemia. A student of the Hatam Sofer in Pressburg, he immigrated to Erez Israel in 1842 as a teenager. An erudite scholar, his responsa appears in the works of contemporary scholars. The only published work is a eulogy for the Hatam Sofer and his son the Ketav Sofer delivered by him at the funeral (Jerusalem 1872). A pious and devoted disciple of the Hatam Sofer he devoted his entire day to the study of Torah and observance of the precepts - a holy man.

          
Reference
Description
   Frumkin, Toledot Hakhmei Yerushalayim.; M.D. Gaon, Yehudei ha-Mizrah be-Erez Yisrael; Halevy, Ha-Sefarim ha-Ivriyyim; Enc. leHakhmei Erez Yisrael; EJ
        
Associated Images
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Listing Classification
Period
19th Century:    Checked
  
Location
Israel:    Checked
  
Subject
Polemics:    Checked
  
Characteristic
Language:    Hebrew
  
Manuscript Type
Letters:    Checked
  
Kind of Judaica