||First edition of this polemical work concerning the sensational case surrounding the murder of Chaim Arlosoroff by Ben-Zion ben Abraham Katz. The events relating to and the subsequent trial were considered the most scandalous in Mandate Palestine. Ha-Emet Kodemet le-Shalom is in three chapters, describing events and trial, answers to questions, and the author’s conclusions.
In June 1933 Chaim Arlosoroff was assassinated by unknown assailants while walking with his wife on the seashore of Tel Aviv The Arlosoroff murder trial (1933–34) did not solve the mystery of the assassination but greatly exacerbated political relations in the yishuv and in the Zionist movement, Abba Ahimeir, the head of a clandestine "activist" group, "Berit ha-Biryonim" was charged by the Palestine police with plotting the murder. He was also a leader of an extremist Revisionist faction, whose organ, Hazit ha-Am violently attacked the Labor movement and the official Zionist leadership, including Arlosoroff. Two rank-and-file Revisionists, Abraham Stavsky and Zevi Rosenblatt, were arrested as the actual murderers, and were identified by Arlosoroff's widow. All three vehemently denied the accusation. The district court acquitted Ahimeir and Rosenblatt but convicted Stavsky, who, however, was eventually acquitted by the Supreme Court for lack of corroborating evidence. The defense accused the police of manipulating the widow's testimony and other evidence for political reasons, and expounded the theory that the murder was connected with an intended sexual attack on Mrs. Arlosoroff by two young Arabs. One of these Arabs, in prison for another murder charge, twice confessed to having been involved in Arlosoroff's murder, but twice retracted his confession, accusing Stavsky and Rosenblatt of having bribed him to confess. At the time, members of the Labor movement, with few exceptions, regarded the widow's testimony as proof of the existence of criminal fascist tendencies among Revisionists, while the Revisionists and most other non-labor circles, including Chief Rabbi Kook, firmly maintained Stavsky's innocence, denouncing the affair as a blood libel of Jews against Jews.
Chaim Arlosoroff (Victor; 1899–1933) was a Zionist statesman and leader of the Zionist labor movement. Bborn in Romny, Ukraine, the grandson of a famous rabbi, Arlosoroff was taken to Germany by his parents in 1905 in the wake of a pogrom. In 1918 joined the Zionist labor party Hitahadut (Ha-Po'el ha-Za'ir) and soon became one of its leaders. A pamphlet he wrote in 1919, "Jewish Popular Socialism," attempted to combine non-Marxist socialism with a practical approach to the problems of Jewish settlement in Palestine. He soon attracted attention by advocating new methods of financing Zionist settlement, especially through an international loan guaranteed by the League of Nations and the Mandatory power. He also expressed the belief that cooperation between the Arab and Jewish national movements was possible.
Arlosoroff settled in Palestine in 1924, after finishing his studies in economics at Berlin University. In 1926 he became a member of the yishuv delegation to the League of Nations Permanent Mandates Commission. In that year, and again in 1928–29, he visited the United States, publishing his impressions in a series of letters, New York vi-Yrushalayim (1929), which contain sociological and economic studies of American Jewry. With the founding of Mapai in 1930, Arlosoroff became one of the party's leaders and spokesmen. A staunch supporter of Chaim Weizmann's policies, Arlosoroff was elected a member of the Zionist and Jewish Agency Executive and head of its Political Department at the 17th Zionist Congress in 1931. Despite the friendly personal and political relations he established with the British High Commissioner in Palestine, Sir Arthur Wauchope, Arlosoroff began to doubt the durability of Britain's commitment to Zionism in view of its involvement in the Middle East. This was a reversal of his earlier conviction that the Zionist ideal could be fully implemented in cooperation with Britain. He also came to doubt the feasibility of a Jewish-Arab understanding in the foreseeable future. In a confidential letter to Weizmann, written in June 1932 (published in 1949), Arlosoroff discussed the possibility of an interim "revolutionary" period, in which a Jewish minority develop the country and save as many Jews as possible, as the approaching world war and emerging Arab nationalism might otherwise prevent the ultimate realization of Zionism. In 1933 Arlosoroff dedicated himself to organizing massive emigration of Jews from Nazi Germany and the transfer of their property to Palestine.