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Bidding Information
Lot #    18475
Auction End Date    7/10/2007 11:14:00 AM (mm/dd/yyyy)
Title Information
Title (English)    (Australian Judaica) Initiation of Hebrew Youths
Title (Hebrew)   
Author    [Only Ed.] R. Moses Rintel
City    Melbourne
Publisher    Walker, May & Co.
Publication Date    1879
Collection Information
Independent Item    This listing is an independent item not part of any collection
Description Information
   39 pp. octavo 164:104 mm., light age staining. A good copy not bound. Rare - no copy in major collections.
   Religious primer for Australian Jewish children by R. Moses Rintel. The full title is Initiation of Hebrew Youths into the Jewish History & Religion and below for the use of the pupils attending the East Melbourne Hebrew School. There is a dedication to Asher Barnard, Esq. Chairman of the school board and a preface. R. Rintel writes that this little Catechism is to supply a want that has been much felt in our Jewish schools. The text is in a concise question and answer format, encompassing history and the tenets of Judaism.

R. Moses Rintel (1823-1880), Jewish minister, was born in Edinburgh, son of Myer Rintel, rabbi of the Jewish community, and his wife Sara. Rintel was educated in Scotland and London and was authorized by Rabbi Solomon Herschell, chief rabbi of London, to officiate as a shochet (slaughterman for kosher food) and minister. His first post was in Brighton.

In 1844 Rintel migrated to New South Wales, where he established the Sydney Hebrew Academy. He went to Melbourne in 1849 to take charge of the newly established Hebrew Congregation in Bourke Street as 'reader' of the religious services, teacher of the children, and shochet. On 22 August 1849 Rintel married Elvina, daughter of John Hart.

After many disputes, Rintel resigned from the Melbourne Hebrew Congregation in 1857 and established the Mikveh Israel Melbourne Synagogue at the eastern end of the city. The second congregation in size and status, it received a grant of land from the government and built a synagogue at the corner of Exhibition Street and Little Lonsdale Street. In 1877 the congregation dedicated a new synagogue in Albert Street, East Melbourne.

Though the East Melbourne Synagogue was known as 'Rintel's Shool', it was many years before he received a salary for his pastoral work. His marriage and his family connexions brought him a small private income which enabled him to be financially independent. He was trustee, secretary and minister of the synagogue's Board of Management and, while officiating at the congregation as reader, opened an associated school for Jewish boys. Rintel helped to establish the first authorized rabbinical court (Beth Din) in the British Empire outside London and eventually became its chairman. In 1868 after a dispute with the rabbi of the Melbourne Hebrew Congregation, the chief rabbi named Rintel senior minister of the Melbourne Hebrew community.

Rintel's career was marked by endless quarrels with his community about proselytes and the children of mixed marriages. He was active in communal and philanthropic affairs and was a distinguished Freemason. Well known throughout Victoria, he died on 9 May 1880 of tuberculosis, from which he had suffered for many years. He was survived by his wife and eight children and left an estate valued at 3831.

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Listing Classification
19th Century:    Checked
Other:    Australia
Childrens Literature:    Checked
First Editions:    Checked
Language:    English, some Hebrew
Manuscript Type
Kind of Judaica