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Bidding Information
Lot #    18625
Auction End Date    8/21/2007 10:48:30 AM (mm/dd/yyyy)
Title Information
Title (English)    Perlen der heiligen Vorzeit:
Author    Johann Ladislav Pyrker
City    Ofen
Publication Date    1821
Collection Information
Independent Item    This listing is an independent item not part of any collection
Description Information
   148 pp. illus. on t.p., 220:146 mm., light age staining. A very good copy bound in later boards.
Paragraph 1    Subtitle: Helias der Thesbit, Elisa, Die Makkabäer .

The title translates as "Pearls. from the Old Testament"-- a collection of long poems on stories from the Bible.

The publishing information is as follows: Gedruckt, auf Kosten des Ofner wohltätigen Frauen-Vereines, in der kön. ung. Universitäts Buchdruckrey".

   Janos Laszlo Pyrker was born at Langh near Stuhlweissenburg, Hungary, 2 Nov., 1772; died at Vienna, 2 Dec., 1847. He was descended from an old Hungarian noble family. His father was one of the eighteen brave hussars who distinguished themselves in the battle of Kunersdorf. Graduated from Stuhlweissenburg and Fünfkirchen, he applied for a civil service position in Ofen but was unsuccessful. In 1792 he entered the Cistercian chapter house at Lilienfeld, where he was ordained priest (1796). In quick succession he was steward, chancellor, prior, abbot, for a time, parish priest at Türnitz, and brought the monastery to the greatest material and spiritual prosperity. He was appointed Bishop of Zips (1818), Patriarch of Aquileia and Primate of Dalmatia with his see in Venice (1820), and finally Archbishop of Erlau, earning the love and veneration of his diocesans. He founded health resorts in Karlsbad and Gastein for sick soldiers, a seminary for country school teachers at Erlau, and donated 10,000 florins toward the adornment of the cathedral at Erlau. His great collection of paintings forms the basis of the Hungarian National Museum. For these charitable gifts he was knighted by the emperor with the title of Felsö-Eör.

Pyrker wrote dramatic, epic, and lyric poetry. His first dramatic work, "Historische Schauspiele", appeared in 1810, and contained three five-act tragedies: "Die Corvinen", "Karl der Kleine, König von Ungarn", and "Zrinis Tod". It was not even considered worthy of discussion or criticism, and the various editions of his collected works do not contain the dramas. The "Tunisias", an epic in twelve cantos, describing the conquest of Tunis by Charles V, appeared in 1820, and there have been frequent later editions. A sketch of a "Tunisias" with striking resemblances was found in the textbooks of the Jesuit Jacob Masen. It is possible that the Jesuit's textbook (Palæstra eloquentiæ) was used at the time of Pyrker's youth. Another epic, "Rudolphias", glorifies Rudolph of Hapsburg, and was printed in Vienna in 1824. Grillparzer dramatized the same material in his "Ottokars Glück und Ende", which has many similarities with the well-known "Ode to Hapsburg" written by the Latin poet Avancini, S.J., probably read in the schools at the end of the eighteenth century. Pyrker also wrote several short stories: "Die Perlen der heiligen Vorzeit" (1821); "Bilder aus dem Leben Jesu und der Apostel" and "Legenden der Heiligen auf alle Sonntage und Festtage des Jahres" (1842). As a lyric poet Pyrker published only a few monographs, e.g. "Lilienfelds Freude", and "Lieder der Sehnsucht nach den Alpen" (1845).

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Listing Classification
19th Century:    Checked
Other:    Poetry
First Editions:    Checked
Language:    German
Manuscript Type
Kind of Judaica