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Bidding Information
Lot #    18628
Auction End Date    8/21/2007 10:50:00 AM (mm/dd/yyyy)
Title Information
Title (English)    She'elot u-Teshuvot Binyan Ziyyon ha-Hadashot
Title (Hebrew)    שאלות ותשובות בנין ציון
Author    [First Ed.] R. Jacob Ettlinger
City    Vilna
Publisher    Judah Leib
Publication Date    1878
Collection Information
Independent Item    This listing is an independent item not part of any collection
Description Information
   First edition. IV, 96 ff., 316:212 mm., usual light age staining, wide margins. A very good copy bound in modern cloth boards.
   Responsa by R. Jacob b. Aaron Ettlinger (1798–1871), German rabbi and champion of neo-Orthodoxy. After receiving preliminary instruction from his father, Klausrabbiner in Karlsruhe, R. Jacob continued his studies under three eminent rabbis: R. Asher Wallerstein, R. Abraham Bing, and R. Wolf Hamburger. He was one of the first Jews admitted to the University of Wuerzburg, but was forced to leave because of an anti-Semitic outbreak. In 1826, he was appointed Kreisrabbiner (“district rabbi”) for the districts of Ladenburg and Ingolstadt and settled in Mannheim, where he founded a yeshiva that attracted numerous students including R. Samson Raphael Hirsch. Ten years later, he was appointed chief rabbi of Altona, a post which he retained until his death. The yeshivah which he established in that city was attended by R. Israel (Azriel) Hildesheimer.

An unswerving traditionalist. R. Ettlinger reacted to the conference of Reform rabbis in Brunswick (1844) by rallying many of his colleagues in protest against what they considered the gravest threat to Judaism's future. A notable result of this move was Ettlinger's decision to publish works reflecting the stand of Jewish Orthodoxy, among them his pamphlet, Shelomei Emunei Yisrael, and Der Zionswaechter, a journal of traditionalist thought, with a Hebrew supplement, Shomer Ziyyon ha-Ne'eman, edited by S. J. Enoch (1845). He was the last rabbi to preside over the Altona bet din before its jurisdiction in civil matters was revoked by the Danish authorities in 1863. In the following year, Denmark ceded Altona with Schleswig-Holstein to Prussia and R. Ettlinger made such a favorable impression on the Prussian king, William, during his visit to Altona in 1865, that the rights previously enjoyed by the Jewish community under the Danes were reconfirmed by royal decree. An outstanding halakhist, R. Ettlinger published the following works (all printed at Altona, unless otherwise indicated): Bikkurei Ya'akov, on the laws concerning the festival of Tabernacles (1836; 2nd ed. with the addition Tosefot Bikkurim, 1858); Arukh la-Ner, glosses on various talmudic treatises (on Yevamot 1850; on Sukkah 1858; on Niddah 1864; on Rosh Ha-Shanah and Sanhedrin, Warsaw, 1873); Binyan Ziyyon, responsa (1868), and its sequel, She'elot u-Teshuvot Binyan Ziyyon ha-Hadashot (Vilna, 1874), Minhat Ani, homilies (1874) and a number of sermons in German. A collection of his articles and addresses was published by L. M. Bamberger (Schildberg, 1899). Through R. Hirsch and R. Hildesheimer, R. Ettlinger exerted an incalculable influence on the course of neo-Orthodoxy in Germany. His great modesty is reflected in his will which stipulates that only the barest details be inscribed on his tombstone.

Paragraph 2    מיוסד על ארבעה חלקי שו"ע ובאורים ... על ענינים שונים גם חדושים על פרק גיד הנשה ופרק כל הבשר הכינו וגם חקרו ... מו"ה יעקב יוקב עטטלינגער זלה"ה ... סדרו והכינו ... מו"ה בן-ציון בהרב ... המחבר זצ"ל. הובא לביה"ד ע"י ... מו"ה שמואל בערזיק מו"ס באסמינע.

עמ' [III]-IV: הקדמת בן המחבר, ר' בן-ציון עטטלינגער

   CD-EPI 0108897; EJ; A. Posner and E. Freimann, in: L. Jung (ed.), Guardians of our Heritage (1958).
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Listing Classification
19th Century:    Checked
Russia-Poland:    Checked
Responsa:    Checked
First Editions:    Checked
Language:    Hebrew
Manuscript Type
Kind of Judaica