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Bidding Information
Lot #    18688
Auction End Date    8/21/2007 11:20:00 AM (mm/dd/yyyy)
Title Information
Title (English)    Jerusalem Talmud -
Title (Hebrew)    תלמוד ירושלמי סדר נשים
Author    [Forgery] Solomon Judah Friedlaender
City    Szinervaralja (Seini)
Publisher    Jacob Weider
Publication Date    1905
Collection Information
Independent Item    This listing is an independent item not part of any collection
Description Information
   Only edition. [4 of 6], 15, 17-104, 104-155, [2] ff., 252:174 mm., usual age staining, wide margins. A very good copy bound in modern cloth boards.
   Solomon Judah Friedlaender (c. 1860–c. 1923), author and literary forger. Friedlaender gave contradictory biographical accounts of his life, claiming at various times to have been born in Hungary, Turkey, and Rumania, but in all probability he was born in Beshenkovichi near Vitebsk, Belorussia. He supposedly studied at the yeshivah in Volozhin and afterward wandered throughout Europe. He was in Czernowitz (1880–1882), Mainz (1884), Frankfort on the Main (1885), Mulhouse (c. 1888–c. 1895), Waitzen (1900–1902), Naszod (1902–1906), and finally in Szatmar, from 1906 onward. It seems that he died in Vienna. Friedlaender published a number of works of doubtful authenticity or pure forgeries.

With this publication, he reached the summit of his audacity, claiming to be of pure Sephardi descent (Sephardi tahor) from the well-known Algazi family and a native of Smyrna. He asserted that he was assisted in the acquisition of the manuscript by his brother, Elijah Algazi, and a business associate of the latter, both citizens of Smyrna. Some of the leading scholars of this period, such as Solomon Buber, Solomon Shechter, and R. Shalom Mordecai Schwadron of Brzezany accepted his story. However, the majority of scholars gave no credence to his tales, and R. B. Ritter of Rotterdam conclusively proved the fallaciousness of Friedlaender's claims. On the basis of internal evidence, R. Ritter showed that the text was an overt forgery. R. Ritter's conclusions were supported by many experts, including R. V. Aptowitzer, R. W. Bacher, R. D. B. Ratner and R. Meir Dan Plotzki. The controversy continued for the next few years, and as late as 1913, Friedlaender still published booklets on this issue.

Paragraph 2    חלק ראשון, מסכת יבמות, מוגה ומסודר... ומפורש... על ידי הפירוש חשק שלמה, הכולל פירוש תוספות והגהות. מאתי שלמה יהודא... פריעדלענדער...

Added title page: Der Jerusalemische Talmud... versehen von Rabbiner Dr. Salamon Friedlaender... Jevomath. השער בצבעים. עם שני פירושים: "פירוש" ו"תוספות". על הגהותיו כותב המחבר בהקדמה: "קבצתי... עשרים וששה ספרי ירושלמי... מעוטרים בהגהות גאונים מפורסמים רובם ספרדים עלי גליון, והגהתי על פיהם".

   CD-EPI 0308302; EJ; D. B. Ratner, in: Haolam, 1 (1907), 26ff.; Tel-Talpioth, 1907 and 1908
Associated Images
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Listing Classification
20th Century:    Checked
Other:    Rumania
First Editions:    Checked
Language:    Hebrew
Manuscript Type
Kind of Judaica