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Bidding Information
Lot #    18719
Auction End Date    8/21/2007 11:35:30 AM (mm/dd/yyyy)
Title Information
Title (English)    Tiferet Maharam
Title (Hebrew)    '
Author    [Hasidim] R. Isaac ben Jacob Layfer
City    Grosswarden
Publisher    Benjamin Zev Rubinstein
Publication Date    1944
Collection Information
Independent Item    This listing is an independent item not part of any collection
Description Information
   First edition. 41, [2] pp. octavo 215:150 mm., usual age staining. A good copy not bound.
   First edition of this work on the Hasidic zaddikim of Peremyshlyany by R. Isaac ben Jacob I. Layfer. The title page describes as being on R. Meir Peremyshlyany son of Aaron Leib son of Meir ha-Gadol. It contains biographical information and is rich with tales of these important hasidic masters, including the names interactions with numerous other early hasidic leaders.

R. Meir Ben Aaron Leib Of Peremyshlyany (1780?1850) was a hasidic zaddik. He was the grandson of R. Meir of Peremyshlyany, a disciple of Israel b. Eliezer Ba'al Shem Tov (the Besht), who, according to a later hasidic tradition, assisted the Ba'al Shem Tov in his struggle against the Frankists. R. Meir, who was born in Peremyshlyany, Galicia, was a disciple of Mordecai of Kremenets. In 1813, the year of his father's death, he became rabbi in Peremyshlyany and leader of the hasidic community there. As a result of a slander against him, he was compelled to leave for Lipkany, Bessarabia, where he held rabbinical office. This episode is mentioned by his Hasidim and in a document of the Austrian authorities of 1827. R. Meir lived in Lipkany for three years and became involved in a dispute with the Hasidim of Abraham Joshua Heschel of Apta (Opatow). To this may be added the testimony of Abraham (Dov) Baer Gottlober according to which Meir was always accustomed to live in the border towns, and that he changed his place of residence several times. From Lipkany he returned to Peremyshlyany and in 1843 he moved to Nikolayev, where he lived for the last seven years of his life.

In 1826 Joseph Perl applied to the Austrian authorities for permission to reprint the Sefer Vikku'ah (of Israel Loebl, 1798). At the end of this volume was a list of hasidic leaders, among whom was the name of Meir of Shebsh. Perl changed the name to Meir Shebseir, in accordance with the reading in a manuscript. The Austrian censorship wrongly identified Meir Shebseir with R. Meir of Peremyshlany and as a result ordered an enquiry as to whether he and the other hasidic rabbis were in opposition to the government, encouraging their followers to disobey the law, but the results of the investigation were negative. In 1839 the police of Lvov submitted to the government an indictment against "miracle-workers," which contained, among others, the name of R. Meir of Peremyshlyany. The government ordered an investigation, the results of which are unknown.

R. Meir was on friendly terms with R. Israel of Ruzhin, whom he assisted in crossing the border when the latter was persecuted by the authorities, and R. Solomon b. Judah Aaron Kluger of Brody, who eulogized R. Meir upon his death. In Megalleh Temirin by Joseph Perl some of R. Meir's actions are described with derision, e.g., that he engaged in the healing of the sick and childless women. R. Meir was accustomed to spend his money freely among the poor, as related by both his Hasidim and a maskil, Dr. Solomon Rubin, opposed to Hasidism. He was known for his strange behavior, which his Hasidim interpreted as being merely external and his opponents as insanity. He gained popularity as a zaddik and had many followers. Reports of the miracles which he performed were at first circulated orally and later in print.

R. Meir made no original contribution to hasidic doctrine, nor did he write any halakhic or homiletical works. After his death, however, his followers collected his teachings which were included in various works or handed down from hearsay; among them the following three works in Yiddish: Ma'aseh Nora me-ha-Zaddik... R. Meir mi-Peremyshlani, Eyn Emese Mayse fun R. Meir' mi-Peremyshlany, and Shivhei R. Meir. ,p> They were collected and published in Divrei Me'ir (1909), Or ha-Me'ir (1926), and Margenita de-Rabbi Meir (ed. Margalioth, 1926). A Seder Hakkafot ("Order of the Hakkafot [for Simhat Torah]," 1891) which he composed was also published.

   EJ; (19582); I. Berger, Eser Atarot (1910), 3756; M. H. Brawer, Zikhronot Av u-Veno (1966), 1516; M. Ben-Yehezkel, Sefer ha-Ma'asiyyot, 1 (19683), 10813; 2 (19683), 3013; 4 (19683), 8587; 5 (19683), 4204; 6 (19683), 26972; A. B. Gottlober, Zikhronot mi-Ymei Neuray, in: Ha-Boker Or, 5 (1880), 310; 6 (1881), 162, 1689, 289; Horodezky, Hasidut, index; R. Mahler, Ha-Hasidut ve-ha-Haskalah (1961), index; Ch. Shmeruk, in: Zion, 21 (1956), 94.
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Listing Classification
19th Century:    Checked
Other:    Rumania
Hasidic:    Checked
First Editions:    Checked
Language:    Hebrew
Manuscript Type
Kind of Judaica