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Bidding Information
Lot #    18753
Auction End Date    8/21/2007 11:52:30 AM (mm/dd/yyyy)
Title Information
Title (English)    Talmud Bavli, Tratate Mo'ad Katan
Title (Hebrew)    תלמוד בבלי, מסכת מועד קטן
Author    [Pocket Ed.]
City    Amsterdam
Publisher    Isaac de Cordova
Publication Date    1724
Collection Information
Independent Item    This listing is an independent item not part of any collection
Description Information
   94 ff., 198:116 mm., age and use staining, edges rubbed and rounded. A very good copy bound in modern boards.
   Pocket size edition where each full folio page is printed on two pages. This size of Talmud was first introduced in Amsterdam and became very popular among travelers. Unfortunately the conditions these volumes were subjected to, did not allow many to survive and the single copies that did survive are generally in rather poor condition. Tratate Mo'ad Katan is the 11th tractate in the Mishnah order of Mo'ed, concerned mainly with hol ha-mo'ed ("the intermediate days of the festivals of Passover and Sukkot"). The original name of this tractate seems to have been Mo'ed (TJ, MK, 2:5, 81b) and in fact throughout this tractate the intermediate days are referred to as Mo'ed and not as hol ha-mo'ed. To distinguish the tractate Mo'ed from the mishnaic order of that name, the former was sometimes referred to as Mashkin (Lev. R. 34:4), its opening word. The present designation, Mo'ed Katan, prevailed to distinguish the tractate from its order.

While the Scripture does not explicitly forbid work on hol ha-mo'ed, Leviticus 23:37, speaking of the daily festival sacrifices, includes the intermediate days of the festival in the term "holy convocation" and on account of this hol ha-mo'ed is considered as semi-festival, days on which certain kinds of work (and as a rule all unnecessary work) are forbidden. Chapter 1 of the tractate discusses a great variety of activities (e.g., agriculture, burial, marriage, sowing, repairs) which under given circumstances may be allowed on hol ha-mo'ed.

Chapter 2 speaks of further kinds of work (e.g., pressing olives, or finishing the manufacture of wine, and gathering fruits, etc.) which are allowed if they are urgent; the general rule is that no work which should have been done before the festival or could be postponed until after the festival may be done on hol ha-mo'ed. Chapter 3 speaks of the conditions under which shaving, washing clothes, drawing up of documents and other scribal activity are allowed; it then discusses the manner in which mourning customs are observed on Sabbath and festivals, including New Moon, Hanukkah, and Purim. The tractate ends on a note of comfort by quoting isaiah 25:8: "He will swallow up death for ever, and the Lord will wipe away tears from all faces." The Gemara in Chapter 3 explains the connection between the laws of the intermediate days and those of mourning. In the context, the Babylonian Gemara discusses details or burial and mourning customs and records several interesting funeral orations and dirges, and deals with the laws of excommunication. There is also a Gemara in the Jerusalem Talmud. In the Tosefta the material of the tractate is divided into two chapters, and like the Mishnah contains many details which reflect life and conditions during the tannaitic period.

Paragraph 2    עם פירוש רש"י ותוספות ופסקי תוספות ורבינו אשר, כפי אשר נדפס כבר, דף על דף ... בשנת ושמתי פ'ד'ת' בין עמי ובין עמך

כל שני עמודים בהוצאה זו מהווים עמוד אחד של ההוצאות הרגילות. ללא מסורת הש"ס, עין משפט, נר מצוה ותורה אור. דף צא-צד: חדושי מהרש"א

   CD-EPI 0317307; Vin Amsterdam 1238; EJ
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Listing Classification
18th Century:    Checked
Holland:    Checked
Other:    Talmud
Language:    Hebrew
Manuscript Type
Kind of Judaica