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Bidding Information
Lot #    19951
Auction End Date    2/19/2008 10:54:00 AM (mm/dd/yyyy)
Title Information
Title (English)    Toledot Adam ve-Havvah - Sefer Mesharim
Title (Hebrew)    תולדות אדם וחוה - ספר מישרים
Author    R. Jeroham ben Meshullam
City    Venice
Publisher    Bragadin
Publication Date    1553
Collection Information
Independent Item    This listing is an independent item not part of any collection
Description Information
   16, 13-238; 104 ff., 307:213 mm., wide margins, usual light age and damp staining, old hands, small loss of several words on 2v. A very good copy bound in modern half leather and cloth boards.
   R. Jeroham ben Meshullam (c. 1290–1350), Spanish talmudist. Born in Provence, he was a victim of the expulsion of the Jews from France in 1306, and wandered in various countries until he arrived in Toledo, Spain, where, living in utter poverty, he continued his studies under R. Asher b. Jehiel (the Rosh), and R. Abraham b. Moses Ismail, a pupil of R. Solomon b. Abraham Adret. In his first known work, the Sefer Mesharim, on civil law, Jeroham arranged the relevant laws according to their subjects, noted their sources and origins in the Talmud, and collected the decisions of many scholars. He was meticulous in arranging his work in such a way that "any man, whether a great scholar or a minor student, might easily find any law that he wished." R. Jeroham states, "After my friends saw its usefulness, they pressed me to compose a similar work relating to the positive and negative commandments, and I yielded to their entreaties." He then composed his second book, Toledot Adam ve-Havvah, which he arranged according to the cycle of human life, from birth to death. The section on Adam runs from birth until marriage; the section on Eve from marriage until death. R. Jeroham quotes the opinions of leading scholars of France, Spain, and Provence, and transmits the customs of various communities and countries. R. Jeroham's works enjoyed only brief popularity, being superseded by the Arba'ah Turim, the superior work of his friend and contemporary, R. Jacob b. Asher. Jeroham's two works were printed for the first time in Constantinople in 1516, and thereafter there was a certain revival of interest in them. The foremost legal authorities of the 16th century, R. Joseph Caro, R. Samuel de Medina, and others, quoted him extensively. The few editions of the book are all based upon the editio princeps which was printed from a very corrupt manuscript, and therefore was not much used by students. Very few commentaries were composed to it; for those that were, legend had it that either the commentator died prematurely or the commentary was lost. The Maggid (heavenly mentor) who spoke to R. Joseph Caro called him R. Jeroham Temiri ("Jeroham the Secret"). The work entitled Issur ve-Hetter, published in 1882 by R. Jacob Abukara, was erroneously ascribed to R. Jeroham.
Paragraph 2    שחברו ... הר' ירוחם בר משולם זצ"ל מפרובינציאה.

חלק א (דף א,ב-רב,א): אדם. מיום הוולדו עד נישואיו ובכלל זה דיני ברכות, תפילות ומועדים. חלק ב (דף רב,א-רעב): חוה. מנישואיו עד פטירתו. קכב דף: ספר מישרים; דיני ממונות.

   CD-EPI 0136981; EJ; Ta-Shema, in: Sinai, 64 (1969), 254–6
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Listing Classification
16th Century:    Checked
Italy:    Checked
Halacha:    Checked
Language:    Hebrew
Manuscript Type
Kind of Judaica