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Bidding Information
Lot #    21135
Auction End Date    8/12/2008 10:16:30 AM (mm/dd/yyyy)
          
Title Information
Title (English)    Letter by R. Isur Zalman Melzer, R. Tykocinski
Title (Hebrew)    כתב מה'ר איסר זלמן מלצר, ה'ר יחיאל מיכל טיקוצינסקי
Author    [Ms.]
City    Jerusalem
Publication Date    1935
          
Collection Information
Independent Item    This listing is an independent item not part of any collection
          
Description Information
Physical
Description
   [1] p., 284:216 mm., light age staining, creased on folds, typewritten agreement on stationary, Ashkenazic script, signed in ink, sealed, and dated.
          
Detailed
Description
   Poroperty agreement signed by administrators of the Yeshiva Ez Hayyim:

R. Isur Zalman Meltzer (1870–1953), talmudic scholar and yeshivah head was born in Lithuania. He studied in Volozhin under R. Hayyim Soloveichik and R. Naphtali Zevi Judah Berlin, and later under the Hafez Hayyim in Radin. All of these exercised a profound influence upon him, R. Soleveichik by his talmudic methodology, R. Berlin by his love for Erez Israel, and the Hafez Hayyim by his humility and his ethical approach. In 1892 he married Beila Hinda, daughter of R. Faivel Frank of Ilukste. His wife possessed considerable scholarly abilities and throughout his life assisted him in transcribing his works and in arranging them for publication. In 1894 he was appointed by R. Nathan Zevi Finkel one of the principals of the Slobodka yeshivah and in 1897 the head of a yeshivah for advanced students in Slutsk, where Jacob David Willowski was the rabbi. Hundreds of students flocked to the yeshivah, and when R. Willowski emigrated to Erez Israel in 1903 R. Meltzer succeeded him as rabbi of Slutsk. After the Bolshevik Revolution in 1917 the yeshivah moved to Kletsk in Poland. R. Meltzer, however, refused to leave his community in Slutsk, despite his suffering at the hands of the Bolsheviks, including imprisonment for teaching Torah. In 1923 he left Russia for Kletsk and in the same year participated in the founding conference of the Agudat Israel in Vienna, at which he was elected to the Mo'ezet Gedolei ha-Torah.

In 1925 he became head of the Ez Hayyim Yeshivah in Jerusalem. In Erez Israel, he devoted himself almost entirely to the dissemination of Torah and the strengthening of yeshivot. In 1935 his first work appeared, Even ha-Ezel on the Mishneh Torah of Maimonides which is regarded as a fundamental work of its kind. Seven volumes appeared during his lifetime, the other posthumously. He also edited and wrote commentary to the novellae of Nahmanides (1928/29).

R. Jehiel Michel Tykocinski (1872–1955), rabbi and author. R. Tykocinski was born in Lyakhovichi, Belorussia. Orphaned of his father while still young, he was taken to Erez Israel in 1882. He studied under R. Samuel Salant , whose granddaughter he married in 1890. In 1900 he began to take part in the administration of Ez Hayyim in Jerusalem, at first as head of the junior department and then as chief administrator. He contributed greatly to the development of the institution – both when it was in the Old City of Jerusalem, and later when it moved outside. He was also active in the foundation of new suburbs in Jerusalem, and favored the unification of all sections of the Jewish population, new and old.

R. Tykocinski specialized in the laws and customs pertaining to Erez Israel, and from 1904 onward published an annual Lu'ah ("calendar") detailing liturgical and other customs for the whole year. This calendar was accepted as the authoritative guide for the liturgical and synagogal customs of the Ashkenazim in Israel; it continued to appear under the editorship of his son even after his death.

R. Tykocinski devoted himself especially to halakhic problems connected with astronomy, in which field he published Tekufat ha-Ḥamah u-Virkatah (1924); Bein ha-Shemashot (1929); and Sefer ha-Yomam (1943), on the international date line. His other works are Tohorat Yisrael (c. 1910); Ha-Ishah al pi Hukkat Yisrael (1920); Hilkhot Shevi'it (1910) and Sefer ha-Shemittah on the laws of the Sabbatical Year; Gesher ha-hayyim (1947, 19602) on the laws of mourning; and Sefer EreZ Yisrael (1955) on the laws and customs appertaining to Erez Israel. He also published many articles in various journals and left behind in manuscript novellae on the Talmud and responsa.

          
Reference
Description
   S. Zevin, Ishim ve-Shitot (1963), 337–60; D. Katz, Tenu'at ha-Musar, 3 (1957), 37–42; A. Rothkoff, in: Jewish Life (March 1971), 51–57; EJ; J.M. Tykocinski, Gesher ha-Ḥayyim, 1 (19602), introd. by Nissan A. Tykocinski.
        
Associated Images
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Listing Classification
Period
20th Century:    Checked
  
Location
Israel:    Checked
  
Subject
  
Characteristic
Language:    Hebrew
  
Manuscript Type
Letters:    Checked
  
Kind of Judaica