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Bidding Information
Lot #    22020
Auction End Date    11/18/2008 12:03:30 PM (mm/dd/yyyy)
          
Title Information
Title (English)    Hiddushei Ibn-Migash (Shavuot); Ramban (Kiddushin)
Title (Hebrew)    חידושים אבן-מיגאש; חידושי הרמב'ן ע'פ החתם סופר
Author    R. Joseph Halevi Ibn-Migash; Ramban, Hatam Sofer
City    Prague
Publisher    M. I. Landau
Publication Date    1826
          
Collection Information
Independent Item    This listing is an independent item not part of any collection
          
Description Information
Physical
Description
   First edition. [1], 44; [1], 30 ff. folio 370:225 mm., wide margins, light age and damp staining. A very good copy bound in modern cloth boards.
          
Paragraph 1    Printed during the lifetime of the Hatam Sofer.
          
Detailed
Description
   Novellae on tractates Shavuot and Kiddushin by two great rishonim, R. Joseph ben Meir Halevi Ibn-Migash and R. Moses ben Nahman (Ramban). Both works were printed at the renowned Landau press in Prague in a large format, each with its own title page. Appended to the novellae on Shavuot are novellae from R. Samuel ben Isaac Modiliano (Ne’aman Shem’uel), a kuntress from R. Moses Sofer (Hatam Sofer). R. Joseph ben Meir Halevi Ibn-Migash (1077–1141), greatest Spanish talmudic scholar of the third generation of Spanish rabbis. He studied first under R. Isaac b. Baruch Albalia, and at the age of 12 went to Lucena where he studied under Alfasi for 14 years. His teacher encouraged him, ordained him as rabbi and greatly honored him, even nominating him his successor as head of the yeshivah, though his own son was a talmudic scholar. Ibn Migash occupied this post for 38 years, until his death. Ibn Migash enjoyed an outstanding reputation among his contemporaries. Maimon, the father of Moses Maimonides, was apparently among his many pupils, and Maimonides, especially in his novellae on the Talmud, frequently relies upon the traditions of Ibn Migash, which, as he states, he had received from his father. In his introduction to his commentary on the Mishnah, he says of him, "The understanding of that man in Talmud was awe-inspiring… so that it could almost be said of him that never before had there been his like." Maimonides' attachment to Ibn Migash is so strong that for a long time he was erroneously thought to have been his pupil. R. Judah Halevi, from youth the friend of Ibn Migash, composed poems of praise in his honor, and it was he who formulated the letter to the scholars of Provence in which Ibn Migash sought an acquaintance with them and their teachings. This letter is the earliest extant document on the ties between the centers of learning in Provence and Spain. Very little of Ibn Migash's work is extant. His novellae to Bava Batra (Amsterdam, 1702) and Shevu'ot (Salonika, 1759) have been published, but his commentary must have embraced at least half of the Talmud, and even the portion published is not complete in itself. His novellae to Bava Batra are quoted more extensively and fully in the works of other rishonim, and are found in superior form in the Shitah Mekubbezet to that tractate, and in R. Aghmati's work, Sefer ha-Ner. A relatively small number of his responsa (translated from the original Arabic) have been published (Salonika, 1786); some are included in the works of others (e.g., in the responsa Pe'er ha-Dor, Amsterdam, 1765), and more are extant in manuscript. He is known to have composed a book of comments (which is not, however, extant) on the Hilkhot ha-Rif of his teacher. The works of Ibn Migash decisively influenced the study of Talmud in Spain and Provence. R. Meir Abulafia, who summed up the teaching of the Spanish scholars until the generation of Nahmanides incorporates – mostly anonymously – many of Ibn Migash's comments in his work. So does Nahmanides, who transmitted them to his pupils and followers, such as R. Solomon b. Abraham Adret and R. Yom Tov b. Abraham Ishbili (the Ritba). They were well known in Provence, too, already being quoted by R. Abraham b. Isaac, who frequently relies upon them in his responsa.
          
Paragraph 2    מאת רבינו יוסף הלוי אבן מגש ... ונלוה אליהם חידושי מהרי"ש (חידושי שבועות למהרש"י [ר' שמואל ב"ר יצחק מודיליאנו]) בעל נאמן שמואל ... וגם הוספנו מראה המקומות. ונוסף לזה קונטרס חידושי תורה ([ב]סוגי' דמצרף, יומא, דף לד ע"ב... [ו]בסוגי' דשומר שמסר לשומר [בבא מציעא, דף לה, ב]) וגם איזה [שש] שאלות ותשובות מהרב ... מו"ה משה סופר נ"י אב"ד דק"ק פרעשבורג.

חידושי ר"י מיגאש וחידושי מהרש"י נדפסו תחילה בתוך ספר אוריין תליתאי, שהוציא ר' יוסף מודיליאנו, שאלוניקי תקי"ח; שם [תקכ"ד]. עיין: מודיליאנו, יוסף בן שמואל. על ה"קונטרס" של ר' משה סופר מספר המחבר במכתבו לר' צבי חיות מיום כז במרחשוון תקצ"ח (נדפס בסוף ספרו דרכי הוראה, זאלקווא תר"ג): זה איזה שנים, יצאו איזה קונטרסים מתשוב[ו]תי וחידושי על ידי רב אחד מהו' מרדכי שלאנק בהדפיסו ספרי רמב"ן על קידושין ור"י בן מג"ש על שבועות, היה בידו העתקות מחידושי והדפיסם סוף דבריהם, תהלתו באונם ולבסוף ברצוני, כי לא היה פה עמדי כי אם בפראג. עיין גם: משה בן נחמן (רמב"ן).

חידושי הרמב"ן על מסכת קידושין ונלוו אליהם חידושי מהרי"ש [ר' יוסף ב"ר שמואל מודיליאנו] בעל נאמן שמואל [טעות: ספר נאמן שמואל הוא לר' שמואל ב"ר יצחק מודיליאנו, שמחברנו היה נכד אחיו]. כוללים חידושי הלכות להלכות יסודי התורה (מס' ע"ז [מסכת עבודה זרה], פ' השוכר את הפועל, דף סב-עו)... עם מראה המקומות. וגם הוספנו פתיחה כוללת לחידושי הלכות יסודי התורה [יין נסך], מהרב... משה סופר נ"י אב"ד דק"ק פרעשבורג.

חידושי הרמב"ן וחידושי מהרי"ש נדפסו תחילה בתוך ספר אוריין תליתאי, שהוציא לאור ר' יוסף מודיליאנו, שאלוניקי תקי"ח; שם [תקכ"ד]. עיין: מודיליאנו, יוסף בן שמואל. ההוצאה הנוכחית הובאה לדפוס על ידי ר' מרדכי שלאנק.

          
Reference
Description
   EJ; CD-EPI 0106248; 0150378
        
Associated Images
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Listing Classification
Period
19th Century:    Checked
  
Location
Other:    Bohemia
  
Subject
Halacha:    Checked
Novellae:    Checked
  
Characteristic
First Editions:    Checked
Language:    Hebrew
  
Manuscript Type
  
Kind of Judaica